Viticulture is the science of growing grapevines, in particular, those used in the production of wine grapes and wine. Although many different research areas exist within viticulture, the latest implement geospatial tools and techniques such as GIS, GPS, and remote sensing to better monitor the crop and therefore make better decisions regarding it. Geospatial techniques allow both researchers and vineyard managers to study the natural spatial variability that exists within and between vineyard blocks. This paper reviews three emerging subfields of geographic research in viticulture: site location and suitability analysis, vineyard land use identification, and precision viticulture. Future research directions and integration of additional geographic tools and techniques are also discussed.