Actors and Interactions—Identifying the Role of Industrial Clusters for Regional Production and Knowledge Generation Activities
- Mirko Titze is a Senior Economist at the Department of Structural Economics, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), Kleine Maerkerstrasse 8, D-06108 Halle (Saale), Germany. Titze's e-mail address is: email@example.com. Matthias Brachert is an external PhD Student at the Utrecht University and a Researcher at the Department of Structural Economics, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), Kleine Maerkerstrasse 8, D-06108 Halle (Saale), Germany. Brachert's e-mail address is: firstname.lastname@example.org. Alexander Kubis is a Senior Researcher at the Research Department A1 Labour Market Processes and Institutions, Institute for Employment Research–the Research Institute of the Federal Employment Agency (IAB), Regensburger Strasse 104, D-90478 Nuremberg, Germany. Kubis' e-mail address is: email@example.com. The authors would like to thank the anonymous referees and the editor Dan Rickman for their helpful comments. Thanks are also due to the support of the Saxon State Ministry for Higher Education, Research and the Arts, and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research who provided data containing information about granted R&D projects.
This paper contributes to the empirical literature on systematic methodologies for the identification of industrial clusters. It combines a measure of spatial concentration, qualitative input–output analysis, and a knowledge interaction matrix to identify the production and knowledge generation activities of industrial clusters in the Federal State of Saxony in Germany. It describes the spatial allocation of the industrial clusters, identifies potentials for value chain industry clusters, and relates the production activities to the activities of knowledge generation in Saxony. It finds only a small overlap in the production activities of industrial clusters and general knowledge generation activities in the region, mainly driven by the high-tech industrial cluster in the semiconductor industry. Furthermore, the approach makes clear that a sole focus on production activities for industrial cluster analysis limits the identification of innovative actors.