SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abreu, L.D., R. Ettinger, and T. McAlary. 2009. Simulated soil vapor intrusion attenuation factors including biodegradation for petroleum hydrocarbons. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 29: 105177.
  • Abreu, L.D., and P.C. Johnson. 2006. Simulating the effect of aerobic biodegradation on soil vapor intrusion into buildings: Influence of degradation rate, source concentrations. Environmental Science & Technology 40: 23042315.
  • Alaska DEC. 2011. Hydrocarbon Risk Calculator User Manual, prepared for Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation by Lawrence Acomb Geosphere, Inc., January 4, 2011. http://www.dec.state.ak.us/spar/csp/guidance/hrc/HRC%20User%20Manual.pdf (accessed January 11, 2013).
  • API 2009. Simulating the effect of aerobic biodegradation on soil vapor intrusion into buildings-evaluation of low strength sources associated with dissolved gasoline plumes, Publication no. 4775. 37. Washington, DC: American Petroleum Institute.
  • ASTM E2600–10. 2010. Standard Guide for Vapor Encroachment Screening on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions. ASTM International: West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania.
  • Atlantic PIRI. 2006. ATLANTIC RBCA, Risk-Based Corrective Action, Version 2.0 For Petroleum Impacted Sites in Atlantic Canada User Guidance, Appendix 9, Guidance for Soil Vapour and Indoor Air Monitoring Assessments. 65. Atlantic Partnership in RBCA Implementation.
  • Baehr, A.L. 1987. Selective transport of hydrocarbons in the unsaturated zone due to aqueous and vapor phase partitioning. Water Resources Research 23: 19261938.
  • Bruce, L., T. Miller, and B. Hockman. 1991. Solubility versus equilibrium saturation of gasoline compounds: A method to estimate fuelwater partition coefficient using solubility or KO. In Proceedings of the NWWA/API Conference on Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Ground Water. 571582. National Water Well Association: Dublin, Ohio.
  • California State Water Resources Control Board. 2012. Low-threat underground storage tank case closure policy. http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/ust/lt_cls_plcy.shtml (accessed January 11, 2013).
  • Davis, R.V. 2009. Bioattenuation of petroleum hydrocarbon vapors in the subsurface: Update on recent studies and proposed screening criteria for the vapor-intrusion pathway. LUST Line 61: 1114.
  • Davis, G.B., B.M. Patterson, and M.G. Trefry. 2009a. Evidence for instantaneous oxygen-limited biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbon vapors in the subsurface. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 29: 126137.
  • Davis, G.B., B.M. Patterson, and M.G. Trefry. 2009b. Biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbon vapours, 28. Technical Report no. 12, CRC for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment Pty Ltd: Adelaide, Australia.
  • DeVaull, G.E. 2007. Indoor vapor intrusion with oxygen-limited biodegradation for a subsurface gasoline source. Environmental Science & Technology 41: 32413248.
  • DeVaull, G.E. 2011. Biodegradation Rates for Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Aerobic Soils: A Summary of Measured Data, 27–30. International Symposium on Bioremediation and Sustainable Environmental Technologies: Reno, Nevada.
  • DeVaull, G.E., R.A. Ettinger, J.P. Salinitro, and J.B. Gustafson. 1997. Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) degradation in vadose zone soils during vapor transport: first order rate constants, paper presented at NWWA/API. Conference on Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Chemicals in Ground Water: Prevention, Detection, and Remediation. National Water Well Association: Houston, Texas.
  • Eklund, B., and D. Burrows. 2009. Prediction of indoor air quality from soil-gas data at industrial buildings. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 29: 118125.
  • Eklund, B., L. Beckley, V. Yates, and T.E. McHugh. 2012. Overview of state approaches to vapor intrusion. Remediation. Autumn 7–20.
  • Fischer, M.L., A.J. Bentley, K.A. Dunkin, A.T. Hodgson, W.W. Nazaroff, R.G. Sextro, and J.M. Daisey. 1996. Factors affecting indoor air concentrations of volatile organic compounds at a site of subsurface gasoline contamination. Environmental Science & Technology 30: 29482957.
  • Fitzpatrick, N.A., and J.J. Fitzgerald. 2002. An evaluation of vapor intrusion into buildings through a study of field data. Soil and Sediment Contamination 11: 603623.
  • Friebel, E., and P. Nadebaum. 2011. Health screening levels for petroleum hydrocarbons in soil and groundwater: Part 1: Technical development document. CRC for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment. Technical Report No. 10.
  • Golder Associates. 2008. Report on evaluation of Vadose zone biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons: Implications for vapour intrusion guidance. Research study for Health Canada and the Canadian Petroleum Products Institute, Report 06-1412-130, 94. Golder Associates Ltd: Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.
  • GSI. 2012. Selecting constituents of potential concern (COPCs) for human health risk assessment of petroleum fuel releases.Written communication prepared by GSI Environmental, Austin, Texas. http://www.gsi-net.com/files/papers/COPC%20Selection%20for%20HH%20Risk%20Assessment%20of%20Petroluem%20Fuel%20Realses.pdf. (accessed January 11, 2013).
  • Gutierrez-Neri, M., P.A.S. Ham, R.J. Schotting, and D.N. Lerner. 2009. Analytical modeling of fringe and core biodegradation in groundwater plumes. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 107: 19.
  • Guymon, G.L. 1994. Unsaturated Zone Hydrology. Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
  • Helsel, D.R. 2005. Nondetects and Data Analysis, Statistics for Censored Environmental Data, 250. John Wiley and Sons: New York.
  • Helsel, D.R. 2006. Fabricating data: How substituting values for non-detects can ruin results, and what can be done about it. Chemosphere 65: 24342439.
  • Hers, I., J. Atwater, L. Li, and R. Zapf-Gilje. 2000. Evaluation of vadose zone biodegradation of BTX vapours. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 46: 233264.
  • Hers, I., R. Zapf-Gilje, P. Johnson, and L. Li. 2003. Evaluation of the Johnson and Ettinger model of indoor air quality. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 23: 119133.
  • ITRC. 2007. Vapor Intrusion: A Practical Guideline, 74. Interstate Technology & Regulatory Council: Washington, DC.
  • Johnson, P.C., and R.A. Ettinger. 1991. Heuristic model for predicting the intrusion rate of contaminant vapors into buildings. Environmental Science & Technology 25: 14451452.
  • Kaplan, E.L., and P. Meier. 1958. Nonparametric estimation from incomplete observations. Journal of the American Statistical Association 53: 457481.
  • Lahvis, M.A., A.L. Baehr, and R.J. Baker. 1999. Quantification of aerobic biodegradation and volatilization rates of gasoline hydrocarbons near the water table under natural attenuation conditions. Water Resources Research 35: 753765.
  • Lundegard, P.D., P.C. Johnson, and P. Dahlen. 2008. Oxygen transport from the atmosphere to soil gas beneath a slab-on-grade foundation overlying petroleum-impacted soil. Environmental Science & Technology 42: 55345540.
  • Ma, J., W.G. Rixey, G.E. DeVaull, B.P. Stafford, and P.J.J. Alvarez. 2012. Methane bioattenuation and implications for explosion risk reduction along the groundwater to soil surface pathway above a plume of dissolved ethanol. Environmental Science & Technology 46: 60136019.
  • McAlary, T.A., P. Nicholson, H. Groenevelt, and D. Bertrand. 2009. A case study of soil-gas sampling in silt and clay-rich (low permeability) soils. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 29: 144152.
  • McHugh, T.E., P.C. De Blanc, and R.J. Pokluda. 2006. Indoor air as a source of VOC contamination in shallow soils below buildings. Soil and Sediment Contamination 15: 103122.
  • McHugh, T.E., R. Davis, G. DeVaull, H. Hopkins, J. Menatti, and T. Peargin. 2010. Evaluation of vapor attenuation at petroleum hydrocarbon sites: Considerations for site screening and investigation. Soil and Sediment Contamination 19: 121.
  • McHugh, T.E., R. Kamath, P.R. Kilkarni, C.J. Newell, J.A. Connor, and S. Garg. 2012. Remediation progress at California LUFT sites: Insights from the Geotracker database. American Petroleum Institute Soil and Groundwater Research Bulletin, No. 25. Washington, DC: American Petroleum Institute.
  • Newell, C.J., S.D. Acree, R.R. Ross, and S.G. Huling. 1995. Light nonaqueous phase liquids. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Ground Water Issue Paper EPA/540/S-95/500. R.S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory: Ada, Oklahoma.
  • New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). 2012. Vapor Intrusion Technical Guidance. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection – Site Remediation Program. Version 2.0.
  • Patterson, B., and G. Davis. 2009. Quantification of vapor intrusion pathways into a slab-on-ground building under varying environmental conditions. Environmental Science and Technology 43: 650656.
  • Peargin, T., and R. Kolhatkar. 2011. Empirical data supporting groundwater benzene concentration exclusion criteria for petroleum vapor intrusion investigations. International Symposium on Bioremediation and Sustainable Environmental Technologies. Reno: Nevada.
  • Pennsylvania DEP. 2001. Tranguch gasoline spill report, Hazleton, Pennsylvania. 27 p.
  • Riis, C.E., A.G. Christensen, and M. Terkelsen. 2010. Vapor intrusion through sewer systems: Migration pathways of chlorinated solvents from groundwater to indoor air, 7th International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds. Monterey, California, May 24–27: 2010.
  • Ririe, G.T., R.E. Sweeney, and S.J. Daugherty. 2002. A comparison of hydrocarbon vapor attenuation in the field with predictions from vapor diffusion models. Soil and Sediment Contamination 11: 529544.
  • Roggemans, S., C.L. Bruce, and P.C. Johnson. 2001. Vadose zone natural attenuation of hydrocarbon vapors: an empirical assessment of soil gas vertical profile data. Soil and Groundwater Research Bulletin 15, 12. Vol. Washington, DC, American Petroleum Institute ed. December, 2001.
  • Sanders, P.F., and I. Hers. 2006. Vapor intrusion in homes over gasoline-contaminated ground water in Stafford, New Jersey. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 26: 6372.
  • Singh, A., R. Maichle, and S.E. Lee. 2006. On the Computation of a 95 percent Upper Confidence Limit of the Unknown Population Mean Based Upon Data Sets with Below Detection Limit Observations.
  • Tillman, F.D., and J.W. Weaver. 2005. Review of recent research on vapor intrusion, EPA/600/R-05/106, 41. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development.
  • Tittarelli, F. 2009. Oxygen diffusion through hydrophobic cement-based materials. Cement and Concrete Research 39: 924928.
  • US EPA. 2002. Draft guidance for evaluating the vapor intrusion to indoor air pathway from groundwater and soils (subsurface vapor intrusion guidance), EPA/530/D-02/004, 52. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development. http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/correctiveaction/eis/vapor/complete.pdf (accessed January 11, 2013).
  • US EPA. 2011. Petroleum hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons differ in their potential for vapor intrusion, 13. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov/oust/cat/pvi/pvicvi.pdf (accessed January 11, 2013).
  • US EPA. 2012a. Conceptual model scenarios for the vapor intrusion pathway EPA 530-R- 10–003, 116. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/vaporintrusion/documents/vi-cms-v11final-2-24-2012.pdf (accessed January 11, 2013).
  • US EPA. 2012b. EPA's vapor intrusion database: Evaluation and characterization of attenuation factors for chlorinated volatile organic compounds and residential buildings, EPA 530-R-10-002, 72. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/vaporintrusion/documents/OSWER_2010_Database_Report_03-16-2012_Final.pdf (accessed January 11, 2013).
  • US EPA. 2013. Evaluation of empirical data and modeling studies to support soil vapor intrusion screening criteria for petroleum hydrocarbon compounds, EPA 510-R-13-001. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. http://www.epa.gov/oust/cat/pvi/index.htm#group (accessed January 11, 2013).
  • Walker, T. 2012. Petroleum Vapor Intrusion (PVI): The Webinar –Coming to a Computer near You! UST Corrective Action Training Webinar on Petroleum Vapor Intrusion. New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission (NEIWPCC).
  • Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR). 2010. Addressing Vapor Intrusion at Remediation and Redevelopment Sites in Wisconsin, PUB-RR-800. 25. Madison, Wisconsin: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
  • Wright, J. 2011. Establishing exclusion criteria from empirical data for assessing petroleum hydrocarbon vapour intrusion Program and Proceedings of the 4th International Contaminated Site Remediation Conference - 2011 CleanUP, 142–143. Adelaide, South Australia, September 11–15: 2011.
  • Wright, J. 2013. Petroleum vapour intrusion (PVI) guidance, CRC CARE Technical Report. CRC for Conta-mination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment.: Adelaide, Australia.
  • Zemo, D. 2006. Sampling in the smear zone: Evaluation of nondissolved bias and associated BTEX, MTBE, and TPH concentrations in ground water samples. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 26: 125133.