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Keywords:

  • factor VIII;
  • paediatric patients;
  • prophylaxis;
  • surgery;
  • von Willebrand disease;
  • von Willebrand factor

Summary

Treatment with exogenous von Willebrand factor (VWF) is indicated in patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD) in whom treatment with 1-deamino-8-d-arginine vasopressin/desmopressin is contraindicated. Wilate® is a new generation plasma-derived concentrate of native VWF and coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) (in a physiological 1:1 ratio) developed for the treatment of VWD. This is the first study to report safety, efficacy and in vivo recovery (IVR) data from 15 paediatric patients less than 6 years of age who received Wilate® for either prophylaxis, on-demand treatment or for treatment in surgical procedures during a prospective open-label trial (VWD type 1: 5, type 2A: 1, type 2B: 2, type 3: 6, unknown type: 1 patients). Analysis of IVR for VWF and FVIII suggested an appropriate and consistent rise in coagulation activity after Wilate® administration. Overall efficacy was rated as excellent or good for 99.7% [prophylactic infusions] and 100% [bleeding episodes/surgical procedures]. More than 82% of bleeding episodes resolved after 1 day of treatment, and a Wilate® dosage of 20–50 IU kg−1 was sufficient to achieve haemostasis in 97% of bleeding episodes. All surgical procedures were successfully managed with Wilate®. No thromboembolic events were observed during the study, and no patient developed anti-VWF antibodies or FVIII inhibitors. In conclusion, this study confirms both the expected IVR profile in paediatric patients and the excellent efficacy, tolerability and safety profile of Wilate® observed previously in adults. Wilate® showed excellent efficacy in the treatment of bleeding when used prophylactically or on-demand, and in the treatment of surgical procedures.