A. D. Pashov and T. Calvez contributed equally to the work.
In silico calculated affinity of FVIII-derived peptides for HLA class II alleles predicts inhibitor development in haemophilia A patients with missense mutations in the F8 gene
Article first published online: 14 OCT 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Volume 20, Issue 2, pages 176–184, March 2014
How to Cite
Pashov, A. D., Calvez, T., Gilardin, L., Maillère, B., Repessé, Y., Oldenburg, J., Pavlova, A., Kaveri, S. V., Lacroix-Desmazes, S. (2014), In silico calculated affinity of FVIII-derived peptides for HLA class II alleles predicts inhibitor development in haemophilia A patients with missense mutations in the F8 gene. Haemophilia, 20: 176–184. doi: 10.1111/hae.12276
- Issue published online: 18 FEB 2014
- Article first published online: 14 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 SEP 2013
- Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale
- Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
- Université Pierre et Marie Curie – Paris 6
- Partenariats Hubert Curien. Grant Number: 25250XM
- Agence Nationale de la Recherche. Grant Number: ANR-07-MRAR-028-01
- CSL-Behring S.A.
- Innovative Medicines Initiative Joint Undertaking. Grant Number: 115303
- European Union's Seventh Framework Programme. Grant Number: FP7/2007-2013
- factor VIII;
- MHC class II;
- missense mutations;
- T-cell epitopes
Forty per cent of haemophilia A (HA) patients have missense mutations in the F8 gene. Yet, all patients with identical mutations are not at the same risk of developing factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitors. In severe HA patients, human leucocyte antigen (HLA) haplotype was identified as a risk factor for onset of FVIII inhibitors. We hypothesized that missense mutations in endogenous FVIII alter the affinity of the mutated peptides for HLA class II, thus skewing FVIII-specific T-cell tolerance and increasing the risk that the corresponding wild-type FVIII-derived peptides induce an anti-FVIII immune response during replacement therapy. Here, we investigated whether affinity for HLA class II of wild-type FVIII-derived peptides that correspond to missense mutations described in the Haemophilia A Mutation, Structure, Test and Resource database is associated with inhibitor development. We predicted the mean affinity for 10 major HLA class II alleles of wild-type FVIII-derived peptides that corresponded to 1456 reported cases of missense mutations. Linear regression analysis confirmed a significant association between the predicted mean peptide affinity and the mutation inhibitory status (P = 0.006). Significance was lost after adjustment on mutation position on FVIII domains. Although analysis of the A1-A2-A3-C1 domains yielded a positive correlation between predicted HLA-binding affinity and inhibitory status (OR = 0.29 [95% CI: 0.14–0.60] for the high affinity tertile, P = 0.002), the C2 domain-restricted analysis indicated an inverse correlation (OR = 3.56 [1.10–11.52], P = 0.03). Our data validate the importance of the affinity of FVIII peptides for HLA alleles to the immunogenicity of therapeutic FVIII in patients with missense mutations.