In silico calculated affinity of FVIII-derived peptides for HLA class II alleles predicts inhibitor development in haemophilia A patients with missense mutations in the F8 gene

Authors

  • A. D. Pashov,

    1. Centre de recherche des Cordeliers, INSERM, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    2. Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    3. Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Université Paris Descartes, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    4. Department of Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, BAS, Sofia, Bulgaria
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  • T. Calvez,

    1. Inserm et UPMC, UMR S 943, Paris, France
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  • L. Gilardin,

    1. Centre de recherche des Cordeliers, INSERM, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    2. Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    3. Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Université Paris Descartes, UMR S 872, Paris, France
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  • B. Maillère,

    1. CEA, iBiTecS, Service d'Ingénierie Moléculaire des Protéines, Labex LERMIT et VRI, Gif Sur Yvette, France
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  • Y. Repessé,

    1. Laboratoire d'hématologie, CHU de Caen, Caen, France
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  • J. Oldenburg,

    1. Institute of Experimental Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, University Clinic Bonn, Bonn, Germany
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  • A. Pavlova,

    1. Institute of Experimental Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, University Clinic Bonn, Bonn, Germany
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  • S. V. Kaveri,

    1. Centre de recherche des Cordeliers, INSERM, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    2. Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    3. Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Université Paris Descartes, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    4. International Associated Laboratory IMPACT (INSERM, France–Indian Council of Medical Research, India), National Institute of Immunohaematology, Mumbai, India
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  • S. Lacroix-Desmazes,

    Corresponding author
    1. Centre de recherche des Cordeliers, INSERM, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    2. Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    3. Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Université Paris Descartes, UMR S 872, Paris, France
    4. International Associated Laboratory IMPACT (INSERM, France–Indian Council of Medical Research, India), National Institute of Immunohaematology, Mumbai, India
    • Correspondence: Sébastien Lacroix-Desmazes, INSERM UMRS 872, Team 16, Centre de recherche des Cordeliers, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Médecine, F-75006 Paris, France.

      Tel.: +33 1 44 27 82 02; fax: +33 1 44 27 81 94;

      e-mail: sebastien.lacroix-desmazes@crc.jussieu.fr

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  • and on behalf of ABIRISK consortium


  • A. D. Pashov and T. Calvez contributed equally to the work.

Summary

Forty per cent of haemophilia A (HA) patients have missense mutations in the F8 gene. Yet, all patients with identical mutations are not at the same risk of developing factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitors. In severe HA patients, human leucocyte antigen (HLA) haplotype was identified as a risk factor for onset of FVIII inhibitors. We hypothesized that missense mutations in endogenous FVIII alter the affinity of the mutated peptides for HLA class II, thus skewing FVIII-specific T-cell tolerance and increasing the risk that the corresponding wild-type FVIII-derived peptides induce an anti-FVIII immune response during replacement therapy. Here, we investigated whether affinity for HLA class II of wild-type FVIII-derived peptides that correspond to missense mutations described in the Haemophilia A Mutation, Structure, Test and Resource database is associated with inhibitor development. We predicted the mean affinity for 10 major HLA class II alleles of wild-type FVIII-derived peptides that corresponded to 1456 reported cases of missense mutations. Linear regression analysis confirmed a significant association between the predicted mean peptide affinity and the mutation inhibitory status (P = 0.006). Significance was lost after adjustment on mutation position on FVIII domains. Although analysis of the A1-A2-A3-C1 domains yielded a positive correlation between predicted HLA-binding affinity and inhibitory status (OR = 0.29 [95% CI: 0.14–0.60] for the high affinity tertile, P = 0.002), the C2 domain-restricted analysis indicated an inverse correlation (OR = 3.56 [1.10–11.52], P = 0.03). Our data validate the importance of the affinity of FVIII peptides for HLA alleles to the immunogenicity of therapeutic FVIII in patients with missense mutations.

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