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Gökçe, Asiye T.University Students' Perception of Discrimination on Campus in Turkey. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 2013, 35 (February) pp. 72-84.

In the departments of education and the arts and humanities at a Turkish university, 164 students reported the types of discrimination they experienced or witnessed on campus and the perpetrators. The students perceived or witnessed discrimination from lecturers, peers, and staff because of their clothing, hair and beard styles, religious beliefs, political beliefs, gender, ethnicity, hometown, age, intelligence, speaking style, disability, and sexual orientation. The students perceived or witnessed more discrimination from peers than lecturers for every type of discrimination except gender and intelligence. The students most frequently reported discrimination on account of the sexual orientation, economic circumstances, speaking style, ethnicity, and hometown. (44 ref)—Kocaeli University, Turkey.

Lowe, M. R., et al. Food for Thought: Frequent Interracial Dining Experiences as a Predictor of Students' Racial Climate Perceptions. Journal of Higher Education, 2013, 84 (July-August) pp. 569-600.

At a small, predominantly white, private liberal arts college in the South, 297 students responded to a questionnaire and 22 students participated in interviews about their perceptions of the racial climate on campus and the effect of frequent interracial dining experiences in the campus cafeteria. The findings showed that, while the white respondents rarely thought about their race and held a very positive, color blind perception of the college's racial climate, the students of color felt like “guests” on campus and held more negative perceptions of the campus climate. Frequent interracial dining in the cafeteria, however, predicted more favorable views of the campus racial climate. (64 ref)—Department of Sociology, Southwestern University.

Plaspohl, S. S., et al. An Assessment of America's Tobacco-Free Colleges and Universities. Journal of American College Health, 2012, 60 (February) pp. 162-167.

Based on the responses of 162 colleges and universities that prohibit smoking and tobacco use on campus, the extent of compliance with the American College Health Association's recent guidelines on a tobacco-free environment was examined. Compliance was highest for the guidelines of developing a policy that reflects best practices in prevention and cessation, providing comprehensive marketing and signage in support of the campus policy, and communicating the campus policy on an annual basis, while it was lowest for creating and maintaining a campus task force and promoting programs featuring evidence-based approaches to ending tobacco use. Some of the institutions only weakly enforced their policies in outdoor venues, such as parking garages, public sidewalks, and sporting events. (19 ref)—Department of Health Sciences, Armstrong Atlantic State University.

Tynes, B. M., Rose, C. A., & Markoe, S. L.Extending Campus Life to the Internet: Social Media, Discrimination, and Perceptions of Racial Climate. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 2013, 6 (June) pp. 102-114.

In educational psychology courses, 282 undergraduate students completed measures of ethnicity, social networking site usage, discussion of academic matters on social networking sites, diversity of online and offline contacts, online racial discrimination, online stress, and overall campus racial climate. The results revealed that 94 percent of the respondents had an active online social networking profile, 97 percent of these students used the site to discuss school-related matters, and 52 percent of the students of the students spent 20 percent of their time online, compared to 37 percent offline, interacting with people from different ethnic groups. While the majority of both the Euro American and the African American students reported having at least two or three offline friends from different ethnic groups, the African American students had more diverse online and offline contacts and devoted more times to social networking sites. The African Americans also reported more online racial discrimination, online stress, and negative views of the campus racial climate, although time spent on social networking was not associated with these attitudes. (48 ref)—Department of Education and Psychology, Rossier School of Education, University of Southern California.