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Shin, Jung C.Higher Education Development in Korea: Western University Ideas, Confucian Tradition, and Economic Development. Higher Education, 2012, 64 (July) pp. 59-72.

Higher educational development in South Korea resulted from a blend of Confucian tradition, Western university ideas, and economic development. Economic development reinforced higher education by allowing the South Korean government to invest heavily in research and development. Moreover, like other East Asian nations, South Korea imported the idea of the modern university from the West. Confucian tradition is at least partly responsible for the enthusiastic embrace of education, the examination-based allocation of educational resources, and the intense competition for admission to prestigious institutions. (47 ref)—Department of Education, Seoul National University, South Korea.

Tight, Malcolm. Institutional Churn: Institutional Change in United Kingdom Higher Education. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 2013, 35 (February) pp. 11-20.

In the United Kingdom from 1994-95 to 2009-10, the number of higher education institutions fell from 182 to 165, while enrollments increased by 59 percent. As for the types of institutional change, 55 institutions were involved in mergers, 54 changed their names, one changed its location, two closed down, four opened, four moved from the further education sector into the higher education sector, and four emerged from the shadow of a larger university. (18 ref)—Department of Educational Research, Lancaster University, United Kingdom.