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Keywords:

  • neuro-ophthalmology;
  • diplopia;
  • pupil;
  • papilledema;
  • ophthalmoscopy

The neuro-ophthalmology examination is critical to anyone who sees patients with the common symptom of headache. By examining the visual acuity, pupils, visual fields, motility, and fundus, clues to both secondary causes of headache and primary headaches exist. In this review, we discuss how to do the neuro-ophthalmology examination and we review cases of primary and secondary headache where key features of the examination assisted in making the correct diagnosis.