Conflict of Interest: None.
The Surgical Treatment of Headache
Article first published online: 11 FEB 2014
© 2014 American Headache Society
Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
Volume 54, Issue 3, pages 409–429, March 2014
How to Cite
Hong, J. and Roberts, D. W. (2014), The Surgical Treatment of Headache. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 54: 409–429. doi: 10.1111/head.12294
Funding: This work received no external funding.
- Issue published online: 4 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 11 FEB 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 NOV 2013
- cluster headache;
- idiopathic intracranial hypertension;
- Chiari malformation;
- deep brain stimulation;
- ventriculoperitoneal shunt;
- endovascular stenting
Medically refractory headache is an uncommon but difficult-to-treat clinical problem. Patients who fail maximal medical management may be candidates for invasive treatment. In this review, we critically examine the literature on the range of surgical treatments currently available for migraine, trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias, idiopathic intracranial hypertension and Chiari malformation type 1, with particular attention to patient selection, treatment efficacy, and complications.