European mitochondrial haplogroups are not associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment response in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients
Mitochondria are multifunctional organelles with a key role in the innate immune response against viral infections. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups have been related to AIDS progression and CD4 T-cell recovery in HIV-infected patients, and to a delay in the development of liver fibrosis in HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients. We performed a study to investigate whether mtDNA haplogroups may be associated with HCV treatment response in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients on pegylated interferon (pegIFN) plus ribavirin (RBV).
We performed a retrospective study in 304 patients who completed a course of HCV therapy. mtDNA polymorphisms were genotyped using Sequenom's MassARRAY platform. The interleukin-28B (IL-28B) polymorphism (rs12980275) was genotyped using the GoldenGate® assay. Sustained virological response (SVR) was defined as an undetectable HCV viral load at week 24 after the end of treatment. The statistical analysis was carried out using on-treatment data.
The SVR rates were 52.6% (160 of 304) for all patients, and 37.8% (46 of 201) for patients with HCV genotype 1 or 4 vs. 81.4% (83 of 102) for patients with HCV genotype 2 or 3 (P < 0.001). No significant associations were found between mtDNA haplogroup and SVR when all patients were included in the analysis and when patients were stratified by HCV genotype (i.e. those with genotypes 1/4 and 2/3 analysed separately) or IL-28B rs12980275 genotype.
European mtDNA haplogroups were not related to HCV treatment response in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients on pegIFN-α/RBV therapy.