The application of the parallel track model in community health promotion: a literature review

Authors

  • Pasitpon Vatcharavongvan MD,

    1. Discipline of General Practice, Royal Brisbane & Women’s Hospital, The University of Queensland, Herston, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Julie Hepworth PhD, CPsychol, MAPS,

    1. School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Queensland, Herston, Australia
    2. Centre for Primary Health Care Research, The University of Queensland, Herston, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • John Marley MD MBChB FRCP(Edin) FRACGP FACRRM DA DRCOG FPCert MAICD

    1. Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Queensland, Herston, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author

Pasitpon Vatcharavongvan
Discipline of General Practice
Royal Brisbane & Women’s Hospital
The University of Queensland
Level 8, Health Sciences Building
Building 16/910, Herston
Qld, 4029, Australiac
E-mail: pasitpon@uq.edu.au

Abstract

The parallel track model is one of the several models that are used in health promotion programmes that focus on community empowerment. It is unique in that it explicitly incorporates an empowerment approach with a top-down health programme. Since its development in 1999–2000 the model has been used in various health programmes in both developed and developing countries. The aim of this review is to examine the nature and extent of the application of this model and its contribution to promoting health. A review of the literature published between 2000 and 2011 was conducted. Nine results matched the inclusion criteria and revealed that the model has been mostly applied to disadvantaged communities to address health determinants, such as poverty and health literacy. This review found that the model had a positive impact on specific health outcomes such as health literacy and community capacity. We concluded that the parallel track model has the most potential for building capacity for community health promotion and appears to be the least useful for interventions focusing on health behaviour change within a limited time frame.

Ancillary