SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alanen, E.L., Hyvönen, T., Lindgren, S., Härmä, O. & Kuussaari, M. (2011) Differential responses ob bumblebees and diurnal Lepidoptera to vegetation succession in long-term set-aside. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48, 12511259.
  • Berg, Å., Ahrné, K., Öckinger, E., Svensson, R. & Söderström, B. (2011) Butterfly distribution and abundance is affected by variation in the Swedish forest-farmland landscape. Biological Conservation, 144, 28192831.
  • Bergman, K.O., Ask, L., Askling, J., Ignell, H., Wahlman, H. & Milberg, P. (2008) Importance of boreal grasslands in Sweden for butterfly diversity and effects of local and landscape factors. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17, 139153.
  • Bergman, K.O., Ask, L., Ekberg, O., Ignell, H., Wahlman, H. & Milberg, P. (2004) Landscape effects on butterfly assemblages in an agricultural region. Ecography, 27, 619628.
  • Carvell, C. (2002) Habitat use and conservation of bumblebees (Bombus spp.) under different grassland management regimes. Biological Conservation, 103, 3349.
  • Chapin, F.S., Zavaleta, E.S., Eviner, V.T., Naylor, R.L., Vitousek, P.M., Reynolds, H.L., Hooper, D.U., Lavorel, S., Sala, O., Hobbie, S., Mack, M. & Diaz, S. (2000) Consequences of changing biodiversity. Nature, 405, 234242.
  • Clarke, D.J., Pearce, K.A. & White, J.G. (2006) Power-line corridors: degraded ecosystems or wildlife havens? Wildlife Research, 33, 615626.
  • Dahlström, A., Lennartsson, T., Wissman, J. & Frycklund, I. (2008) Biodiversity and traditional land-use in south central Sweden: the significance of management timing. Environment and History, 14, 385403.
  • Dennis, R.L.H. (2004) Just how important are structural elements as habitat components? Indications from a declining lycaenid butterfly with priority conservation status. Journal of insect Conservation, 8, 3745.
  • Donald, P.F., Green, R.E. & Heath, M.F. (2001) Agricultural intensification and the collapse of Europe's farmland bird populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 268, 2529.
  • Dover, J., Sparks, T.H. & Greatorex-Davies, J.N. (1997) The importance of shelter for butterflies in open landscapes. Journal of Insect Conservation, 1, 8997.
  • Erhardt, A. (1985) Diurnal Lepidoptera: sensitive indicators of cultivated and abandoned grasslands. Journal of Applied Ecology, 22, 849861.
  • FAO (2009) State of the World Forest 2009. Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations, Rome, Italy.
  • Forrester, J.A., Leopold, D.J. & Hafner, S.D. (2005) Maintaining critical habitat in a heavily managed landscape: effect of power line corridor management on Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) habitat. Restoration Ecology, 13, 488498.
  • Franzén, M. & Nilsson, S.G. (2008) How can we preserve and restore species richness of pollinating insects on agricultural land? Ecography, 31, 698708.
  • Gerell, R. (1997) Management of road-side vegetation: effects of density and species diversity of butterflies in Scania, south Sweden. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 118, 171176.
  • Grusell, E. (2007) Biologisk mångfald i svenska kraftledningsgator. Svenska Kraftnät, Vällingby, Sweden (in Swedish).
  • Grusell, E. & Miliander, S. (2004) GIS-baserad identifiering av artrika kraftledningsgator inom stamnätet. Rapport Svenska kraftnät nr 1960900, Vällingby, Sweden (in Swedish).
  • Hardy, P.B., Sparks, T.H., Isaac, N.J.B. & Dennis, R.L.H. (2007) Specialism for larval and adult consumer resources among British butterflies: implications for conservation. Biological Conservation, 138, 440452.
  • Hollmen, A., Välimäli, P., Itämies, J. & Oksanen, J. (2008) The value of open power line habitat in conservation of ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) associated with mires. Journal of Insect Conservation, 12, 163177.
  • Ibbe, M., Milberg, P., Tunér, A. & Bergman, K.O. (2011) History matters: impact of historical land use on butterfly diversity in clear-cuts in a boreal landscape. Forest Ecology and Management, 261, 18851891.
  • Jackson, S.T. & Sax, D.F. (2010) Balancing biodiversity in a changing environment: extinction debt, immigration credit and species turnover. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25, 153160.
  • Jonason, D., Milberg, P. & Bergman, K.O. (2009) Monitoring of butterflies within a landscape context in south-eastern Sweden. Journal for Nature Conservation, 18, 2233.
  • Jordbruksverket (2008) Ängs- och betesmarker – en genomgång av tillgänglig statistik. Jordbruksverket, Rapport 2008:30, Jönköping, Sweden (in Swedish).
  • Komonen, A., Lensu, T. & Kotiaho, J.S. (2012) Optimal timing of power line rights-of-ways management for conservation of butterflies. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 6, 522529.
  • Krahulec, F., Skalova, H., Herben, T., Hadincova, V., Wildova, R. & Pechackova, S. (2001) Vegetation changes following sheep grazing in abandoned mountain meadows. Applied Vegetation Science, 4, 97102.
  • Kuussaari, M., Heliölä, J., Luoto, M. & Pöyry, J. (2007) Determinants of local species richness of diurnal Lepidoptera in boreal agricultural landscapes. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 122, 366376.
  • Lennartsson, T., Wissman, J. & Bergström, H.M. (2012) The effect of timing of grassland management on plant reproduction. International Journal of Ecology, doi: 10.1155/2012/156274.
  • Lensu, T., Komonen, A., Hiltula, O., Päivinen, J., Saari, V. & Kotiaho, J.S. (2011) The role of power line rights-of- way as an alternative habitat for declined mire butterflies. Journal of Environmental Management, 92, 25392546.
  • Littell, R.C., Milliken, G.A., Stroup, W.W., Wolfinger, R.D. & Schabenberger, O. (2006) SAS for Mixed Models, 2nd edn. SAS Institute Inc, Cary, North Carolina.
  • Loertscher, M., Erhardt, A. & Zettel, J. (1995) Microdistribution of butterflies in a mosaic-like habitat: the role of nectar sources. Ecography, 18, 1526.
  • Luoto, M., Rekolainen, S., Aakkula, J. & Pykälä, J. (2003) Loss of plant species richness and habitat connectivity in grasslands associated with agricultural change in Finland. Ambio, 32, 447452.
  • Maes, D. & van Dyck, H. (2001) Butterfly diversity loss in Flanders (north Belgium): Europe's worst case scenario? Biological Conservation, 99, 263276.
  • Millennnium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Ecosystem and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis. World Resource Institute, Washington, District of Columbia.
  • Mossberg, B. & Stenberg, L. (2003) Den nya nordiska floran. Wahlström & Widstrand, Stockholm (in Swedish).
  • Munguira, M.L. & Thomas, J.A. (1992) Use of road verges by butterfly and burnet populations, and the effect of roads on adult dispersal and mortality. Journal of Applied Ecology, 29, 316329.
  • Öckinger, E., Bergman, K.O., Franzen, M., Kadlec, T., Krauss, J., Kuussaari, M., Pöyry, J., Smith, H.G., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Bommarco, R. (2012b) The landscape matrix modifies the effect of habitat fragmentation in grassland butterflies. Landscape Ecology, 27, 121131.
  • Öckinger, E., Eriksson, A.K. & Smith, H.G. (2006a) Effects of grassland management, abandonment and restoration on butterflies and vascular plants. Biological Conservation, 133, 291300.
  • Öckinger, E., Hammarstedt, O., Nilsson, S.G. & Smith, H.G. (2006b) The relationship between local extinctions of grassland butterflies and increased soil nitrogen levels. Biological Conservation, 128, 564573.
  • Öckinger, E., Lindborg, R., Sjödin, N.E. & Bommarco, R. (2012a) Landscape matrix modifies richness of plants and insects in grassland fragments. Ecography, 35, 259267.
  • Öckinger, E. & Smith, H. (2006) Landscape composition and habitat area affects butterfly species richness in semi-natural grasslands. Oecologia, 149, 526534.
  • Öckinger, E. & Smith, H. (2007) Semi-natural grasslands as population sources for pollinating insects in agricultural landscapes. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44, 5059.
  • Official Statistic of Sweden (2010) Skogsdata 2010. Institutionen för skoglig resurshushållning, SLU, Umeå, Sweden (in Swedish).
  • Pohl, N.B., van Wyk, J. & Campbell, D.R. (2011) Butterflies show flower colour preferences but not constancy in foraging at four plant species. Ecological Entomology, 36, 290300.
  • Pollard, E. (1977) A method for assessing changes in the abundance of butterflies. Biological Conservation, 12, 115134.
  • Potts, S.G., Woodcock, B.A., Roberts, S.P.M., Tscheulin, T., Pilgrim, E.S., Brown, V.K. & Tallowin, J.R. (2009) Enhancing pollinator biodiversity in intensive grasslands. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 369379.
  • Pöyry, J., Lindgren, S., Salminen, J. & Kuussaari, M. (2005) Responses of butterfly and moth species to restored cattle grazing in semi-natural grasslands. Biological Conservation, 122, 465478.
  • Russel, K.N., Ikerd, H. & Droege, S. (2005) The potential value of unmowed power-line strips for native bees. Biological Conservation, 124, 133148.
  • Rusterholz, H.P. & Erhardt, A. (2000) Can nectar properties explain sex-specific flower preferences in the Adonis Blue butterfly Lyssandra bellargus? Ecological Entomology, 25, 8190.
  • Saarinen, K., Valtonen, A., Jantunen, J. & Saarnio, S. (2005) Butterflies and diurnal moths along road verges: does road type affect diversity and abundance? Biological Conservation, 123, 403412.
  • Sheperd, S. & Debinski, D.M. (2005) Evaluation of isolated and integrated prairie reconstructions as habitat for prairie butterflies. Biological Conservation, 126, 5161.
  • Sheridan, P.M., Orzell, S.L. & Bridges, E.L. (1997) Powerline easements as refugia for state rare seepage and pineland plant taxa. The Sixth International Symposium on Environmental Concern in Rights-of-Way Management (ed. by J.R. Williams, J.W. Goodrich-Mahoney and J. Wisniewski), pp. 451460. Elsevier Science, Oxford, UK.
  • Sjödin, N.E. (2007) Pollinator behavioural responses to grazing intensity. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16, 21032121.
  • Sjödin, N.E., Bengtsson, J. & Ekbom, B. (2008) The influence of grazing intensity and landscape composition on the diversity and abundance of flower-visiting insects. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45, 763772.
  • Smallidge, P.J., Leopold, D.J. & Allen, C.M. (1996) Community characteristics and vegetation management of Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) habitats on rights-of-way in east-central New York, USA. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33, 14051419.
  • Söderström, B. (2006) Svenska fjärilar, en fälthandbok. Albert Bonniers Förlag AB, Stockholm, Sweden (in Swedish).
  • Söderström, B. & Hedblom, M. (2007) Comparing movement of four butterfly species in experimental grassland strips. Journal of Insect Conservation, 11, 333342.
  • Söderström, B., Svensson, B., Vessby, K. & Glimskär, A. (2001) Plants, insects and birds in semi-natural pastures in relation to local habitat and landscape factors. Biodiversity and Conservation, 10, 18391863.
  • Ståhl, G., Allard, A., Essen, P.A., Glimskär, A., Ringvall, A., Svensson, J., Sundquist, S., Christensen, P., Gallegos Torell, Å., Högström, M., Lagerqvist, K., Marklund, L., Nilsson, B. & Inghe, O. (2011) National inventory of landscapes in Sweden (NILS)-scope, design, and experiences from establishing a multiscale biodiversity monitoring system. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 173, 579595.
  • Stefanescu, C. & Traveset, A. (2009) Factors influencing the degree of generalization in flower use by Mediterranean butterflies. Oikos, 118, 11091117.
  • Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Leschke, K. (2003) Effect of habitat management on vegetation and above ground nesting bees and wasps of orchard meadows in central Europe. Biodiversity and Conservation, 12, 19531968.
  • van Swaay, C., Cuttelod, A., Collins, S., Maes, D., López Munguira, M., Šašić, M., Settele, J., Verovnik, R., Verstrael, T., Warren, M., Wiemers, M. & Wynhof, I. (2010) European Red List of Butterflies. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, UK.
  • van Swaay, C., Warren, M. & Grégoire, L. (2006) Biotope use and trends of European butterflies. Journal of Insect Conservation, 10, 189209.
  • Thomas, J.A., Bourn, N.A.D., Clarke, R.T., Stewart, K.E., Simcox, D.J., Pearman, G.S., Curtis, R. & Goodger, B. (2001) The quality and isolation of habitat patches both determine where butterflies persist in fragmented landscapes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B – Biological Sciences, 268, 17911796.
  • Vanreusel, W., Maes, D. & van Dyck, H. (2007) Transferability of species distribution models: a functional habitat approach for two regionally threatened butterflies. Conservation Biology, 21, 201212.