SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Lunt RC, Law DB. A review of the chronology of eruption of deciduous teeth. J Am Dent Assoc 1974 89: 872879.
  • 2
    Tooth Morphology. In: Berkowitz BKB, Holland GR, Moxham BJ, editors. Color Atlas and Textbook of Oral Anatomy. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers Inc; 1977. p. 1734.
  • 3
    Tooth eruption, succession and replacement. In: Atkinson ME, White FH, editors. Principles of Anatomy and Oral Anatomy for Dental Students. Edinburgh London Madrid Melbourne New York and Tokyo: Churchill Livingstone; 1992. p. 469475.
  • 4
    Physiologic tooth movement: eruption and shedding. In: Ten Cate's Oral Histology. p. 233252 Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2013.
  • 5
    Kidd EAM, van Amerongen JP, van Amerongen WE. The role of operative treatment in caries control. In: Fejerskov O, Kidd EAM, editors. Dental Caries, 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Munksgaard; 2008. p. 355366.
  • 6
    Carlos JP, Gittelsohn AM. Longitudinal studies of the natural history of caries. I. Eruption patterns of the permanent teeth. J Dent Res 1965 44: 509516.
  • 7
    The teeth. In: Atkinson ME, White FH, editors. Principles of Anatomy and Oral Anatomy for Dental Students. Edinburgh London Madrid Melbourne New York and Tokyo: Churchill Livingstone; 1992. p. 401403.
  • 8
    Neal RA. Why Parents Should Never Consider Baby Teeth as Practice Teeth. Available from: http://frisco-dentist-blog.com/2010/06/parents-baby-teeth-practice-teeth/ [Accessed 09 Aug 2012]; 2010.
  • 9
    Fayle SA, Welbury RR, Roberts JF. British society of paediatric dentistry: a policy document on management of caries in the primary dentition. Int J Paediatr Dent 2001 11: 153157.
  • 10
    Clarke M, Locker D, Berall G, et al. Malnourishment in a population of young children with severe early childhood caries. Pediatr Dent 2006 28: 254259.
  • 11
    Anderson P, Hector MP, Rampersad MA. Critical pH in resting and stimulated whole saliva in groups of children and adults. Int J Paediatr Dent 2001 11: 266273.
  • 12
    Pearce EI, Dong YM, Yue L, et al. Plaque minerals in the prediction of caries activity. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2002 30: 6169.
  • 13
    Bardow A, Lagerlöf F, Nauntofte B et al. Chemical interactions between the tooth and oral fluids. In: Fejerskov O, Kidd EAM, editors. Dental caries, 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Munksgaard; 2008. p. 189208.
  • 14
    Shellis RP, Wilson RM. Apparent solubility distributions of hydroxyapatite and enamel apatite. J Colloid Interface Sci 2004 278: 325332.
  • 15
    Kosoric J, Hector MP, Anderson P. The influence of proteins on demineralization kinetics of hydroxyapatite aggregates. J Biomed Mater Res A 2010 94: 972977.
  • 16
    Sonesson M. On minor salivary gland secretion in children, adolescents and adults. Swed Dent J Suppl 2011 215: 964.
  • 17
    Ashley FP, Coward PY, Jalil RA, et al. Relationship between calcium and inorganic phosphorus concentrations of both resting and stimulated saliva and dental plaque in children and young adults. Arch Oral Biol 1991 36: 431444.
  • 18
    Head J. Enamel Softening and Rehardening as a Factor in Erosion. Philadelphia: S. S. White Dental Manufacturing Co; 1910.
  • 19
    Volker JF. Studies on the acid solubility of human enamel. J Dent Res 1940 19: 3540.
  • 20
    Brudevold F. A study of the phosphate solubility of the human enamel surface. J Dent Res 1948 27: 320329.
  • 21
    Fanning RJ, Shaw JH, Sognnaes RF. Salivary contribution to enamel maturation and caries resistance. J Am Dent Assoc 1954 49: 668671.
  • 22
    Massler M. Teenage cariology. Dent Clin North Am 1969 13: 405423.
  • 23
    Hicks J, Garcia-Godoy F, Flaitz C. Biological factors in dental caries enamel structure and the caries process in the dynamic process of demineralization and remineralization (part 2). J Clin Pediatr Dent 2004 28: 119124.
  • 24
    Carlos JP, Gittelsohn AM. Longitudinal studies of the natural history of caries – II. A life-table study of caries incidence in the permanent teeth. Arch Oral Biol 1965 10: 739751.
  • 25
    Noronha JC, Massara Mde L, Souki BQ, et al. First permanent molar: first indicator of dental caries activity in initial mixed dentition. Braz Dent J 1999 10: 99104.
  • 26
    Curnow MM, Pine CM, Burnside G, et al. A randomised controlled trial of the efficacy of supervised toothbrushing in high-caries-risk children. Caries Res 2002 36: 294300.
  • 27
    Manji F, Fejerskov O. An epidemiological approach to dental caries. In: Thylstrup O, Fejerskov O, editors. Textbook of Clinical Cariology, 2nd ed. Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1994. p. 159191.
  • 28
    Lenz H, Newesley H. Discussion of paper by FR von der Fehr. Adv Fluor Res Dent Caries Prevent 1965 3: 9598.
  • 29
    Weatherell JA, Robinson C, Hallsworth AS. Changes in the fluoride concentration of the labial enamel surface with age. Caries Res 1972 6: 312324.
  • 30
    Crabb HSM. The porous outer enamel of unerupted human premolars. Caries Res 1976 10: 17.
  • 31
    Wöltgens JH, Bervoets TJ, Witjes F, et al. Changes in the composition of the enamel of human premolar teeth shortly after eruption. Arch Oral Biol 1981 26: 717719.
  • 32
    Nakajima O, Miake Y, Yanagisawa T. The influence of saliva on post-eruptive maturation in enamel. Shikwa Gakuho 2003 103: 289298.
  • 33
    Fejerskov O, Nyvad B, Kidd EAM. Pathology of dental caries. In: Fejerskov and Kidd, editors. Dental Caries; the Disease and its Clinical Management, 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Munksgaard, 2008. p.2048.
  • 34
    Huang A, Nakagaki H, Tsuboi S, et al. Fluoride profiles of perikymata in enamel surfaces of human premolars. Arch Oral Biol 1998 43: 669677.
  • 35
    Brudevold F, Steadman LT, Spinelli MA, et al. A study of zinc in human teeth. Arch Oral Biol 1963 8: 135144.
  • 36
    Weatherell JA, Deutsch D, Robinson C, et al. Assimilation of fluoride by enamel throughout the life of the tooth. Caries Res 1977 11(Suppl 1): 85115.
  • 37
    Thylstrup A, Fejerskov O. Caries chemistry and fluoride – mechanism of action. In: Thylstrup O, Fejerskov O, editors. Textbook of Clinical Cariology, 2nd ed. Copenhagen: Munksgaard; 1994. p. 231257.
  • 38
    Kidd EAM, Richards A, Thylstrup A. The susceptibility of ‘young’ and ‘old’ human enamel to artificial caries in vitro. Caries Res 1984 18: 226230.
  • 39
    Gängler P, Norén JG, Hoyer I, et al. Reactivity of young and old human enamel to demineralization. Scand J Dent Res 1993 101: 345349.
  • 40
    Fang MM, Lei KY, Kilgore LT. Effects of zinc deficiency on dental caries in rats. J Nutr 1980 110: 10321036.
  • 41
    Theuns HM, Dijk JWE, van Driessens FCM et al. Artificial lesion formation at different depths in the enamel. Caries Res 1983 17: 168169.
  • 42
    Driessens FC, Heijligers HJ, Borggreven JM, et al. Posteruptive maturation of tooth enamel studied with the electron microprobe. Caries Res 1985 19: 390395.
  • 43
    Brudevold F, Aasenden R, Bakhos Y. A preliminary study of posteruptive maturation of teeth in situ. Caries Res 1982 16: 243248.
  • 44
    Imanishi H, Nishino M. Post eruptive maturation of immature young permanent enamel. J Int Assoc Dent Child 1983 14: 4954.
  • 45
    Schulte A, Gente M, Pieper K. Post eruptive changes of electrical resistance values in fissure enamel of premolars. Caries Res 1999 33: 242247.
  • 46
    ten Bosch JJ, Fennis-le Y, Verdonschot EH. Time-dependent decrease and seasonal variation of the porosity of recently erupted sound dental enamel in vivo. J Dent Res 2000 79: 15561559.
  • 47
    Palti DG, Machado MA, Silva SM, et al. Evaluation of superficial microhardness in dental enamel with different eruptive ages. Braz Oral Res 2008 22: 311315.
  • 48
    Cardoso CAB, Magalhaes AC, Rios D, et al. Cross-sectional hardness of enamel from human teeth at different posteruptive ages. Caries Res 2009 43: 491494.
  • 49
    Driessens FC, Heyligers HJ, Wöltgens JH, et al. X-ray diffraction of enamel from human premolars several years after eruption. J Biol Buccale 1982 10: 199206.
  • 50
    Virtanen JI, Bioigu RS, Larmas MA. Effect of early or late eruption of permanent teeth on caries susceptibility. J Dent 1996 24: 245250.
  • 51
    Kotsanos N, Darling AI. Influence of post-eruptive age of enamel on its susceptibility to artificial caries. Caries Res 1991 25: 241250.
  • 52
    Wöltgens JH, Bervoets TJ, Witjes F, et al. Effect of post-eruptive age on Ca and P loss from human enamel during demineralization in vitro. Arch Oral Biol 1981 26: 721725.
  • 53
    Wöltgens JH, Bervoets TJ, de Blieck-Hogervorst J, et al. Changes in calcium and phosphorus content in young human enamel during demineralization in vitro. J Biol Buccale 1982 10: 281286.
  • 54
    Wöltgens JH, Bervoets TJ, de Blieck-Hogervorst JM, et al. Remineralization in human premolars of different posteruptive age. J Biol Buccale 1983 11: 3540.
  • 55
    Sabel N, Klinberg G, Nietzsche S, et al. Analysis of some elements in primary enamel during postnatal mineralization. Swed Dent J 2009 33: 8595.
  • 56
    Gruythuysen RJ, van der Linden LW, Wöltgens JH, et al. Approximal caries in children. Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd 1991 98: 3840.
  • 57
    Fejerskov O, Larsen MJ, Richard A, et al. Dental tissue effects of fluoride. Adv Dent Res 1994 8: 1531.
  • 58
    de Leeuw NH. Resisting the onset of hydroxyapatite dissolution through the incorporation of fluoride. J Phys Chem B 2004 108: 18091811.
  • 59
    Lynch RJM, Smith SR. Remineralization agents – new and effective or just marketing hype? Adv Dent Res 2012 24: 6367.
  • 60
    Ekstrand J, Afseth J, Rølla G. Remineralization. One of fluoride's important cariostatic mechanisms. Tandlakartidningen 1984 76: 11231129.
  • 61
    DePaola PF, Mellberg JR. Caries experience and fluoride uptake in children receiving semiannual prophylaxes with an acidulated phosphate fluoride paste. J Am Dent Assoc 1973 87: 155159.
  • 62
    Bruun C. Uptake and retention of fluoride by intact enamel in vivo after application of neutral sodium fluoride. Scand J Dent Res 1973 81: 92100.
  • 63
    Koulourides T, Keller SE, Manson-Hing L, et al. Enhancement of fluoride effectiveness by experimental cariogenic priming of human enamel. Caries Res 1980 14: 3239.
  • 64
    Longbottom C, Huysmans MC. Electrical measurements for use in caries clinical trials. J Dent Res 2004 83: 7679.
  • 65
    Kataoka S, Sakuma S, Wang J, et al. Changes in electrical resistance of sound fissure enamel in first molars for 66 months from eruption. Caries Res 2007 41: 161164.
  • 66
    Lynch RJM, Mony U, ten Cate JM. The effect of fluoride at plaque fluid concentrations on enamel de- and remineralisation at low pH. Caries Res 2006 40: 522529.
  • 67
    ten Bosch JJ, Borsboom PC, ten Cate JM. A nondestructive method for monitoring de- and remineralization of enamel. Caries Res 1980 1980 14: 9095.
  • 68
    van der Veen MH, de Josselin de Jong E, Stookey GK. Computer simulation of quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) on enamel with different scattering coefficients. Caries Res 1997 31: 323(abstract).
  • 69
    Mortimer KV. The relationship of deciduous enamel structure to dental disease. Caries Res 1970 4: 206223.
  • 70
    Huszar G. Observations sur l'epaisseur de l'email. Bulletin Du Group International Pour La Recherche Scientifique En Stomatologie Et Odontologie 1971 14: 155167.
  • 71
    Grine FE. Enamel thickness of deciduous and permanent molars in modern Homo sapiens. Am J Phys Anthropol 2005 126: 1431.
  • 72
    Lindén LA, Björkman S, Hattab F. The diffusion in vitro of fluoride and chlorhexidine in the enamel of human deciduous and permanent teeth. Arch Oral Biol 1986 31: 3337.
  • 73
    Wilson PR, Beynon AD. Mineralization differences between human deciduous and permanent enamel measured by quantitative microradiography. Arch Oral Biol 1989 34: 8588.
  • 74
    Cuy JL, Mann AB, Livi KJ, et al. Nanoindentation mapping of the mechanical properties of human molar tooth enamel. Arch Oral Biol 2002 47: 281291.
  • 75
    Angker L, Swain MV, Kilpatrick N. Micro-mechanical characterisation of the properties of primary tooth dentine. J Dent 2003 31: 261267.
  • 76
    Lussi A, Kohler N, Zero D, et al. A comparison of the erosive potential of different beverages in primary and permanent teeth using an in vitro model. Eur J Oral Sci 2000 108: 110114.
  • 77
    Johansson AK, Sorvari R, Birkhed D, et al. Dental erosion in deciduous teeth – an in vivo and in vitro study. J Dent 2001 29: 333340.
  • 78
    Magalhaes AC, Rios D, Honorio HM, et al. Effect of 4% titanium tetrafluoride solution on the erosion of permanent and deciduous human enamel; an in situ/ex vivo study. J Appl Oral Sci 2009 17: 5660.
  • 79
    Calvo AF, Tabchoury CP, Del Bel Cury AA, et al. Effect of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel application time on enamel demineralization of deciduous and permanent teeth. Caries Res 2012 46: 3137.
  • 80
    Stack MV. Mineral and protein levels in enamel from human, monkey and rat molars. Odont Revy 1957 8: 243247.
  • 81
    Weidmann SM, Wetherell JA, Hamm SM. Variations of enamel density in sections of human teeth. Arch Oral Biol 1967 12: 8597.
  • 82
    Wetherell JA, Weidmann SM, Hamm SM. Density patterns in enamel. Caries Res 1967 1: 4251.
  • 83
    Wong FS, Anderson P, Fan H, et al. X-ray microtomographic study of mineral concentration distribution in deciduous enamel. Arch Oral Biol 2004 49: 937944.
  • 84
    Shellis RP. Relationship between human enamel structure and the formation of caries-like lesions in vitro. Arch Oral Biol 1984 29: 975981.
  • 85
    Arends J, Jongebloed WL. Crystallites dimensions of enamel. J Biol Buccale 1978 6: 161171.
  • 86
    Ripa LW. The histology of the early carious lesion in primary teeth with special reference to a “prismless” outer layer of primary enamel. J Dent Res 1966 45: 511.
  • 87
    Ripa LW, Gwinnett AJ, Buonocore MG. The “prismless” outer layer of deciduous and permanent enamel. Arch Oral Biol 1966 11: 4148.
  • 88
    Horsted M, Fejerskov O, Larsen MJ, et al. The structure of surface enamel with special reference to occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent teeth. Caries Res 1976 10: 287296.
  • 89
    Lindén LA, Björkman S, Hattab F. The diffusion in vitro of fluoride and chlorhexidine in the enamel of human deciduous and permanent teeth. Arch Oral Biol 1986 31: 3337.
  • 90
    Naujoks R, Schade H, Zelinka F. Chemical composition of different areas of the enamel of deciduous and permanent teeth. (The content of Ca, P, CO2, Na and N2.). Caries Res 1967 1: 137143.
  • 91
    Cutress TW. A method for sampling and analysing thin layers of enamel for carbonate, fluoride and other inorganic components. Arch Oral Biol 1972 17: 225229.
  • 92
    Sønju Clasen AB, Ruyter IE. Quantitative determination of type A and type B carbonate in human deciduous and permanent enamel by means of Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. Adv Dent Res 1997 11: 523527.
  • 93
    Apap M. Mineral components of enamel and post-eruptive maturation. Inf Dent 1982 64: 789805.
  • 94
    Vrbic V, Stupar J, Byrne AR. Trace element content of primary and permanent tooth enamel. Caries Res 1987 21: 3739.
  • 95
    Shashikiran ND, Subba Reddy VV, Hiremath MC. Estimation of trace elements in sound and carious enamel of primary and permanent teeth by atomic absorption spectrophotometry: an in vitro study. Indian J Dent Res 2007 18: 157162.
  • 96
    Lynch RJM. Interactions of zinc with hydroxyapatite and dental enamel; a review. Int Dent J 2011 61(Suppl. 3): 4654.
  • 97
    Lippert F, Hara AT. Strontium and caries: a long and complicated relationship. Caries Res 2012 47: 3449.
  • 98
    Grobler SR, Louw AJ. Enamel-fluoride levels in deciduous and permanent teeth of children in high, medium and low fluoride areas. Arch Oral Biol 1986 31: 423426.
  • 99
    Dzidziul I, Gutowska I, Noceń I, et al. Fluoride content in superficial enamel layers of deciduous and permanent teeth – an in vitro study. Ann Acad Med Stetin 2006 52(Suppl 1): 1720.
  • 100
    Amaechi B, Higham SM, Edgar WM. Factors influencing the development of dental erosion in vitro; enamel type, temperature and exposure time. J Oral Rehabil 1999 26: 624630.
  • 101
    Hunter ML, West NX, Hughes JA, et al. Relative susceptibility of deciduous and permanent dental hard tissues to erosion by a low pH fruit drink in vitro. J Dent 2000 28: 265270.
  • 102
    Maupomé G, Aguilar-Avila M, Medrano-Ugalde H, et al. In vitro quantitative microhardness assessment of enamel with early salivary pellicles after exposure to an eroding cola drink. Caries Res 1999 33: 140147.
  • 103
    Lippert F, Parker DM, Jandt KD. Susceptibility of deciduous and permanent enamel to dietary acid induced erosion studied with atomic force microscopy nanoindentation. Eur J Oral Sci 2004 112: 6166.
  • 104
    Hara AT, Ando M, González-Cabezas C, et al. Protective effect of the dental pellicle against erosive challenges in situ. J Dent Res 2006 85: 612616.
  • 105
    Hannig M, Fiebiger M, Güntzer M, et al. Protective effect of the in situ formed short-term salivary pellicle. Arch Oral Biol 2004 49: 903910.
  • 106
    Lussi A, Jaeggi T. Dental erosion in children. Monogr Oral Sci 2006 20: 140151.
  • 107
    Hunter ML, West NX, Hughes JA, et al. Erosion of deciduous and permanent dental hard tissue in the oral environment. J Dent 2000 28: 257263.
  • 108
    Künzel W. Effect of an interruption in water fluoridation on the caries prevalence of the primary and secondary dentition. Caries Res 1980 14: 304310.
  • 109
    Petersson LG, Derand T. Development of artificial carious lesions in enamel after F-varnish (Duraphat) and F-Fe-Al-solution treatment. Swed Dent J 1981 5: 219223.
  • 110
    Shwartz M, Gröndahl HG, Pliskin JS, et al. A longitudinal analysis from bite-wing radiographs of the rate of progression of approximal carious lesions through human dental enamel. Arch Oral Biol 1984 29: 529536.
  • 111
    Peyron M, Matsson L, Birkhed D. Progression of approximal caries in primary molars and the effect of Duraphat treatment. Scand J Dent Res 1992 100: 314318.
  • 112
    Sønju Clasen AB, Øgaard B, Duschner H, et al. Caries development in fluoridated and non-fluoridated deciduous and permanent enamel in situ examined by microradiography and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Adv Dent Res 1997 11: 442447.
  • 113
    Mejàre I, Stenlund H. Caries rates for the mesial surface of the first permanent molar and the distal surface of the second primary molar from 6 to 12 years of age in Sweden. Caries Res 2000 34: 454461.
  • 114
    Haugejorden O. Changing time trend in caries prevalence in Norwegian children and adolescents. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1994 22: 220225.
  • 115
    Water fluoridation and child dental health. In: Murray JJ, Rugg-Gunn AJ, Jenkins GN, editors. Fluorides in Caries Prevention. Mumbai: Varghese; 1999. p. 3963.
  • 116
    Duggal MS, Toumba KJ, Amaechi BT, et al. Enamel demineralization in situ with various frequencies of carbohydrate consumption with and without fluoride toothpaste. J Dent Res 2001 80: 17211724.
  • 117
    Sabel N, Robertson A, Nietzsche S, et al. Demineralization of enamel in primary second molars related to properties of the enamel. ScientificWorldJournal 2012: 587254. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22629152
  • 118
    Issa AI, Preston KP, Preston AJ, et al. A study investigating the formation of artificial sub-surface enamel caries-like lesions in deciduous and permanent teeth in the presence and absence of fluoride. Arch Oral Biol 2003 48: 567571.
  • 119
    Featherstone JD, Mellberg JR. Relative rates of progress of artificial carious lesions in bovine, ovine and human enamel. Caries Res 1981 15: 109114.
  • 120
    Ando M, van der Ven MH, Schemehorn BR, et al. Comparative study to quantify demineralised enamel in deciduous and permanent teeth using laser- and light-induced fluorescence techniques. Caries Res 2001 35: 464470.
  • 121
    Wang LJ, Tang R, Bonstein T, et al. Enamel demineralization in primary and permanent teeth. J Dent Res 2006 85: 359363.
  • 122
    Thaveesangpanich P, Itthagarun A, King NM, et al. In vitro model for evaluating the effect of child formula toothpastes on artificial caries in primary dentition enamel. Am J Dent 2005 18: 212216.
  • 123
    Ekambaram M, Itthagarun A, King NM. Comparison of the remineralizing potential of child formula dentifrices. Int J Paediatr Dent 2011 21: 132140.
  • 124
    Petersson GH, Bratthall D. The caries decline: a review of reviews. Eur J Oral Sci 1996 104: 436443.
  • 125
    Rozier RG. The impact of recent changes in the epidemiology of dental caries on guidelines for the use of dental sealants: epidemiologic perspectives. J Public Health Dent 1995 55 (5 Spec No): 292301.
  • 126
    Twetman S. Caries prevention with fluoride toothpaste in children: an update. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2009 10: 162167.
  • 127
    You BJ, Jian WW, Sheng RW, et al. Caries prevention in Chinese children with sodium fluoride dentifrice delivered through a kindergarten-based oral health program in China. J Clin Dent 2002 13: 179184.
  • 128
    Davies GM, Worthington HV, Ellwood RP, et al. A randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of providing free fluoride toothpaste from the age of 12 months on reducing caries in 5–6 year old children. Community Dent Health 2002 19: 131136.
  • 129
    Davies RM, Ellwood RP, Davies GM. The rational use of fluoride toothpaste. Int J Dent Hyg 2003 1: 38.
  • 130
    Rong WS, Bian JY, Wang WJ, et al. Effectiveness of an oral health education and caries prevention program in kindergartens in China. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2003 31: 412416.
  • 131
    Lima TJ, Ribeiro CC, Tenuta LM, et al. Low-fluoride dentifrice and caries lesion control in children with different caries experience: a randomized clinical trial. Caries Res 2008 42: 4650.
  • 132
    Biesbrock AR, Gerlach RW, Bollmer BW. Relative anti-caries efficacy of 1100, 1700, 2200, and 2800 ppm fluoride ion in a sodium fluoride dentifrice over 1 year. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2001 29: 382389.
  • 133
    Stephen KW, Creanor SL, Russell JI, et al. A 3-year oral-health dose–response study of sodium monofluorophosphate dentifrices with and without zinc citrate; anti-caries results. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1988 16: 321325.
  • 134
    Dos Santos AP, Nadanovsky P, de Oliveira BH. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of fluoride toothpastes on the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition of preschool children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2012 40: in press. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882502
  • 135
    Itthagarun A, Thaveesangpanich P, King NM, et al. Effects of different amounts of a low fluoride toothpaste on primary enamel lesion progression: a preliminary study using in vitro pH-cycling system. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2007 8: 6973.
  • 136
    Cury JA, do Amaral RC, Tenuta LM et al. Low-fluoride toothpaste and deciduous enamel demineralization under biofilm accumulation and sucrose exposure. Eur J Oral Sci 2010 118: 370375.
  • 137
    Hellwig E, Altenburger M, Attin T, et al. Remineralization of initial carious lesions in deciduous enamel after application of dentifrices of different fluoride concentrations. Clin Oral Invest 2010 14: 265269.
  • 138
    Gatti A, Camargo LB, Imparato JC, et al. Combination effect of fluoride dentifrices and varnish on deciduous enamel demineralization. Braz Oral Res 2011 25: 433438.
  • 139
    Jabbarifar SE, Salavati S, Akhavan A, et al. Effect of fluoridated dentifrices on surface microhardness of the enamel of deciduous teeth. Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2011 8: 113117.
  • 140
    Yimcharoen V, Rirattanapong P, Kiatchallermwong W. The effect of casein phosphopeptide toothpaste versus fluoride toothpaste on remineralization of primary teeth enamel. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 2011 42: 10321040.
  • 141
    Murray JJ, Winter GB, Hurst CP. Duraphat fluoride varnish. A 2-year clinical trial in 5-year-old children. Br Dent J 1977 143: 1117.
  • 142
    Community fluoridation schemes throughout the world. In: Murray JJ, Rugg-Gunn AJ, Jenkins GN, editors. Fluorides in Caries Prevention. Mumbai: Varghese publishing house, 1999. p. 7793.
  • 143
    Mellberg JR, Ripa LW. Anticaries mechanisms of fluoride. In: Murray JJ, Rugg-Gunn AJ, editors. Fluoride in Preventive Dentistry. Theory and Clinical Applications. Chicago: Quintessence, 1983. p. 4180.
  • 144
    Marinho VCC, Higgins JPT, Logan S, et al. Fluoride toothpastes for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents (Review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009 1: CD002278.
  • 145
    Petersen PE, Bourgeois D, Bratthall D, et al. Oral health information systems – towards measuring progress in oral health promotion and disease prevention. Bull World Health Organ 2005 83: 686693.
  • 146
    Bagramian RA, Garcia-Godoy F, Volpe AR. The global increase in dental caries. A pending public health crisis. Am J Dent 2009 22: 38.
  • 147
    Pendry L, Lashkari G, Bewley H. 2003 Children's Dental Health Survey. London: Office for National Statistics; 2004.
  • 148
    European Cosmetic Toiletry and Perfumery Association (COLIPA): the Cosmetics Directive of the European Union. Dir 76/768/EEC, 1995.
  • 149
    FDA 1995: United States Food and Drug Administration. Anticaries Drug Products for Over-the-counter Human use; Final Monograph.
  • 150
    Lynch RJM, Navada R, Walia R. Low-levels of fluoride in plaque and saliva and their effects on the demineralisation and remineralisation of enamel; role of fluoride toothpastes. Int Dent J 2004 54 (Suppl 1): 304309.
  • 151
    Koch G, Lindhe H. The state of the gingivae and the caries increment in schoolchildren during and after withdrawal of various prophylactic measures. In: McHugh WD, editor. Dental Plaque. DC Thompson: Dundee; 1970. p. 271281.
  • 152
    Chesters RK, Huntington E, Burchell CK, et al. Effect of oral care habits on caries in adolescents. Caries Res 1992 26: 299304.
  • 153
    Pine CM, Curnow MM, Burnside G, et al. Caries prevalence four years after the end of a randomised controlled trial. Caries Res 2007 41: 431436.
  • 154
    Emling RC, Flickinger RDH, Cohen DW, et al. A comparison of estimated versus actual brushing time. Pharmacol Ther Dent 1981 6: 9398.
  • 155
    Zero DT, Creeth JE, Bosma ML, et al. The effect of brushing time and dentifrice quantity on fluoride delivery in vivo and enamel surface microhardness in situ. Caries Res 2010 44: 90100.
  • 156
    Newby E, Martinez-Mier EA, Zero DT, et al. A randomised clinical study to evaluate the effect of brushing duration on fluoride levels in dental biofilm fluid and saliva in children aged 4–5 years. Int Dent J 2013 63 (Suppl 2): 3947.
  • 157
    Mansbridge JN. The relationship between caries of the deciduous and permanent teeth in the same child. Edin Hosp Gaz 1967-1968 8: 611.
  • 158
    Adler P. Correlation between dental caries prevalence at different ages. Caries Res 1968 2: 7986.
  • 159
    Poulsen S, Holm AK. The relation between dental caries in the primary and permanent dentition of the same individual. J Public Health Dent 1980 40: 1725.
  • 160
    Holm AK. Dental health in a group of Swedish 8-year-olds followed since the age of 3. Comm Dent Oral Epidemiol 1978 6: 7177.
  • 161
    Demers M, Brodeur JM, Simard PL, et al. Caries predictors suitable for mass-screenings in children: a literature review. Community Dent Health 1990 7: 1121.
  • 162
    Grey MM, Marchment MD, Anderson RJ. The relationship between caries experience in the deciduous molars at 5 years and in the first permanent molars of the same child at 7 years. Comm Dent Health 1991 8: 37.
  • 163
    Powell LV. Caries prediction: a review of the literature. Comm Dent Oral Epidemiol 1998 26: 361371.
  • 164
    Stephen KW. Caries in young populations worldwide. In: Bowen WH, Tabak LA, editors. Cariology for the Nineties. Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 1993. p. 3750.
  • 165
    Skeie MS, Raadal M, Strand GV, et al. The relationship between caries in the primary dentition at 5 years of age and permanent dentition at 10 years of age – a longitudinal study. Int J Paediatr Dent 2006 16: 152160.
  • 166
    Strang R, Damato FA, Creanor SL, et al. The effect of baseline lesion mineral loss on in situ remineralization. J Dent Res 1987 66: 16441646.
  • 167
    Mellberg JR. Relationship of original mineral loss in caries-like lesions to mineral changes in situ. Caries Res 1991 25: 459461.
  • 168
    Schäfer F, Raven SJ, Parr TA. The effect of lesion characteristic on remineralization and model sensitivity. J Dent Res 1992 71 (Spec Iss): 811813.
  • 169
    Lippert F, Lynch RJM, Hara AT, et al. In situ fluoride response of caries lesions with different mineral distributions at baseline. Caries Res 2011 45: 4755.
  • 170
    Lynch RJM, Mony U, ten Cate JM. The effect of lesion characteristics and mineralising solution type on enamel remineralisation in vitro. Caries Res 2007 41: 257262.
  • 171
    Lynch RJM, ten Cate JM. The effect of lesion characteristics at baseline on subsequent de- and remineralisation behaviour. Caries Res 2006 40: 530535.
  • 172
    Yamazaki H, Litman A, Margolis HC. Effect of fluoride on artificial caries lesion progression and repair in human enamel: regulation of mineral deposition and dissolution under in vivo-like conditions. Arch Oral Biol 2007 52: 110120.
  • 173
    Lippert F, Butler A, Lynch RJM, et al. Effect of fluoride, lesion baseline severity and mineral distribution on lesion progression. Caries Res 2012 46: 2330.
  • 174
    Gao XJ, Kent RL Jr, van Houte J, et al. Association of caries activity with the composition of dental plaque fluid. J Dent Res 2001 80: 18341839.