Get access

Ultrafast Laser Inscription in Soft Glasses: A Comparative Study of Athermal and Thermal Processing Regimes for Guided Wave Optics

Authors

  • Simon Gross,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Ultrahigh bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), MQ Photonics Research Centre, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Martin Ams,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Ultrahigh bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), MQ Photonics Research Centre, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Guido Palmer,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Ultrahigh bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), MQ Photonics Research Centre, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Christopher T. Miese,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Ultrahigh bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), MQ Photonics Research Centre, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Robert J. Williams,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Ultrahigh bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), MQ Photonics Research Centre, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Graham D. Marshall,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Ultrahigh bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), MQ Photonics Research Centre, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Alexander Fuerbach,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Ultrahigh bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), MQ Photonics Research Centre, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • David G. Lancaster,

    1. Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS), School of Chemistry & Physics, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Heike Ebendorff-Heidepriem,

    1. Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS), School of Chemistry & Physics, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Michael J. Withford

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Ultrahigh bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), MQ Photonics Research Centre, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author

simon.gross@mq.edu.au

Abstract

The combination of ultrafast laser inscription and engineered soft glasses is enabling a new class of photonic devices offering long wavelength transparency, high nonlinearity, and optical gain. However, this field of research also possesses its own unique set of fabrication challenges, which range from the predictable, such as self-focusing effects, material stress, and damage to the unexpected, such as photo-induced index changes of different sign. In this article, we review many of the fabrication challenges surrounding ultrafast laser-written soft-glass photonics and highlight these by comparing and contrasting laser processing of common soft glasses in both the athermal and thermal writing regimes.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary