Get access

Erbium-Ion-Doped Tellurite Glass Fibers and Waveguides—Devices and Future Prospective: Part II

Authors

  • Mehrdad Irannejad,

    1. Institute for Materials Research, School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Current affiliation:
    1. Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Waterloo, Canada
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Toney Fernandez,

    1. Grupo de Procesado por Láser, Instituto de Óptica “Daza de Valdés,” Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Madrid, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Purushottam Joshi,

    1. Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, M. S. Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies#470-P, Peenya Industrial Area, Bangalore, India
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Zhanxiang Zhao,

    1. Institute for Materials Research, School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Joris Lousteau,

    1. Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Billy Richards,

    Corresponding author
    • Institute for Materials Research, School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Gin Jose,

    1. Institute for Materials Research, School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Animesh Jha

    Corresponding author
    • Institute for Materials Research, School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Continued from: P. Joshi et al., “Erbium-ion doped tellurite glass fibers and waveguides — devices and future prospective: PART I.”

a.jha@leeds.ac.uk; b.d.o.richards@leeds.ac.uk

Abstract

Following on from Part I of this review article that focuses on the suitability of Er3+-doped tellurium oxide glass for optical amplification in fiber, this Part II article describes how the fiber gain data were then employed to engineer amplification in waveguides, which can be integrated with semiconductor pump sources. The gain characteristics and bandwidth of a phosphate modified tellurite waveguide formed on a GaAs substrate are discussed. The limiting structural compatibility of Er3+-doped tellurite glass with polydimethylsiloxane polymer for active–passive integration is overcome by adopting a nanoscale super-lattice approach for waveguide engineering.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary