Nanoscale Bioactive Glasses in Medical Applications

Authors

  • Melek Erol-Taygun,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Faculty, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Kai Zheng,

    1. Institute of Biomaterials, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Aldo R. Boccaccini

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Biomaterials, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Faculty, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Member, The American Ceramic Society.


aldo.boccaccini@ww.uni-erlangen.de

Abstract

This review focuses on recent advances in the development and use of nanoscale silicate bioactive glasses for medical applications. In the context of materials for bone substitution, dental applications, and bone tissue engineering, nanoscale bioactive glasses have been gaining attention due to their expected superior osteoconductivity when compared with conventional (micrometer-sized) bioactive glass materials. A detailed overview of recent developments in the field of nanoscale bioactive glasses will be given, including a summary of common fabrication methods and diverse application areas which include tissue engineering scaffolds and coatings, drug delivery devices, and dentistry. The nanofeatures characteristic of this type of bioactive glasses and the possibilities to expand their use in biomedical applications (nanomedicine) are highlighted.

Ancillary