Disclosures JM has done consultancy work for Boehringer Ingelheim. KH has no disclosures.
Potential impact of new oral anticoagulants on the management of atrial fibrillation-related stroke in primary care
Article first published online: 28 APR 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
International Journal of Clinical Practice
Volume 67, Issue 7, pages 647–655, July 2013
How to Cite
Harris, K. and Mant, J. (2013), Potential impact of new oral anticoagulants on the management of atrial fibrillation-related stroke in primary care. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 67: 647–655. doi: 10.1111/ijcp.12177
- Issue published online: 13 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 2 OCT 2012
- Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals and Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
Anticoagulant prophylaxis with vitamin K antagonists (such as warfarin) is effective in reducing the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). New oral anticoagulants have emerged as potential alternatives to traditional oral agents. The purpose of this review was to summarise the effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban, dabigatran and apixaban in stroke prevention in patients with AF in phase III trials, evaluate their cost-effectiveness and consider the implications for primary care.
A literature search was performed between 2007 and 2012, selecting all phase III trials (ROCKET AF, RE-LY and ARISTOTLE) of new oral anticoagulants and relevant cost–benefit studies.
Evidence shows that all three agents are at least as effective as warfarin in the prevention of stroke and systemic emboli, with similar safety profiles. Cost–benefit studies of rivaroxaban and dabigatran further confirm their potential use as alternatives to warfarin in clinical practice. These observations may allow stratification of the general practice AF population, to help prioritise which patients may benefit from receiving a new oral anticoagulant.
The clinical and economic benefits of the new oral anticoagulants, along with appropriate risk stratification, may enable a higher number of patients with AF to receive effective and convenient prophylaxis for stroke prevention.