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Summary

Background

Erythroid differentiation regulator 1 is decreased in malignant melanoma. However, the expression of erythroid differentiation regulator 1 has not been reported in normal epidermis, vessel, nerve, dermal adnexae, and various skin tumors.

Methods

To investigate the expression of erythroid differentiation regulator 1 in normal skin and various skin tumors, immunohistochemical analysis of normal skin, epidermal tumors, sebaceous tumors, and eccrine tumors was performed. The image analysis was quantitatively performed using HistoQuant software.

Results

Erythroid differentiation regulator 1 was strongly expressed in the nuclei of normal epidermis, sebaceous gland, eccrine gland, vessel, and nerve. Expression of erythroid differentiation regulator 1 was weak in seborrheic keratosis, sebaceous hyperplasia, and eccrine spiradenoma. Erythroid differentiation regulator 1 was rarely observed in malignant skin tumors, including squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, sebaceous carcinoma, and eccrine porocarcinoma.

Conclusions

The expression of erythroid differentiation regulator 1 was negatively correlated with the malignant potential in various skin tumors. The results support the role of erythroid differentiation regulator 1 in cutaneous carcinogenesis and indicate its potential as a novel marker of skin tumors.