The Authors had full access to all the data in the study, and take full responsibility for its integrity and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Tropical Medicine Rounds
Afro-Caribbean pemphigus: epidemiological data from a 5-year prospective study on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies)
Article first published online: 15 MAY 2013
© 2013 The International Society of Dermatology
International Journal of Dermatology
Volume 52, Issue 11, pages 1357–1360, November 2013
How to Cite
Cordel, N., Maire, C., le Gilbert, D., Courville, P. and Tressières, B. (2013), Afro-Caribbean pemphigus: epidemiological data from a 5-year prospective study on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies). International Journal of Dermatology, 52: 1357–1360. doi: 10.1111/ijd.12072
Funding sources: None.
Conflict of interest: None.
- Issue published online: 25 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 15 MAY 2013
There are no reported epidemiological data regarding autoimmune pemphigus in the Afro-Caribbean population.
To present the epidemiology of autoimmune pemphigus on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies, 400,736 inhabitants, mostly black Caribbean of African European descent).
Materials and methods
Five-year prospective study. Inclusion of the incident cases when directly referred to the Dermatology Department or secondarily referred by their private practice dermatologist once identified by the computerized databases of the Guadeloupian pathology laboratories.
World-population-standardized incidence was 6.96 (95% CI: 3.41–10.52) for pemphigus vulgaris and 3.75 (95% CI: 1.12–6.39) for pemphigus foliaceus. Patients usually live in the rural countryside, whereas 75% of the population of Guadeloupe Island live in an urban environment.
We report a high incidence of autoimmune pemphigus in Guadeloupe, especially for the foliaceus type, and the existence of particular epidemiological features such as the rural countryside habitat.