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Adoption of photoprotection measures on lip and perioral regions among beach workers in North Brazil

Authors

  • Eudes Euler de Souza Lucena MSc,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Dentistry, Rio Grande do Norte State University, Caicó/RN, Brazil
    2. Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal/RN, Brazil
    • Correspondence

      Eudes Euler de Souza Lucena, msc

      Prof. Boanerges Soares Street Pitimbu, 155

      Natal/RN

      Brazil 59067-730

      E-mail: eudeseuler@hotmail.com

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  • Danielle Clarisse Barbosa Costa BSc,

    1. Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal/RN, Brazil
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  • Éricka Janine Dantas da Silveira PhD,

    1. Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal/RN, Brazil
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  • Kenio Costa Lima PhD

    1. Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal/RN, Brazil
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  • Funding: None
  • Conflicts of interest: None

Abstract

Background

Workers from various occupational groups stand out as being more susceptible to photodamage. Behaviors that can reduce the risk of onset of these disorders include the limitation or reduction of sun exposure, use of photoprotective clothing, and correct use of sunscreen. The present study aimed to verify the use of photoprotection measures by beach workers on the lips and perioral regions, as well as investigate possible associations with sociodemographic, occupational, and health variables.

Materials and methods

For this purpose, calibrated researchers applied validated questionnaires. The participants were 362 beach workers with a minimum age of 18 years. Data were analyzed using chi-square tests and robust Poisson regression.

Results

In regard to photoprotection measures, most of the population studied reported using some form of protection (80.1%). Among these, the most common were the use of a cap/hat (66.2%) and sunscreen (41.6%). Applying lipstick (3.6%) and using some other measure (4.2%) were the least reported. When compiling a multivariate analysis model, type of work (P = 0.001) was the only variable that explained the adoption of photoprotection measures, regardless of daily and accumulated exposure and the presence of habits.

Conclusions

In general, most workers reported using some form of photoprotection in the oral and perioral regions, and those exposed to direct solar radiation effectively confirmed this.

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