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Association between IL16 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to alopecia areata in the Korean population

Authors


  • Funding: Kyung Hee University Research Fund in 2008 (KHU-20081563).
  • Conflicts of interest: None.

Abstract

Background

Alopecia areata (AA) is a chronic disease that presents as non-scarring hair loss. It is thought to be an organ-specific autoimmune disease characterized by T cell infiltrates and cytokine production around anagen-stage hair follicles. Interleukin-16 (IL-16) is a T cell-specific chemoattractant known to be associated with autoimmune disease.

Objectives

This study was conducted to determine whether variation in the IL16 gene contributes to risk for AA in the Korean population.

Methods

A total of 270 control subjects and 229 AA patients were enrolled. Genomic DNA was prepared from peripheral blood. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs17875486 [promoter], rs17875491 [promoter], rs11073001 [exon], rs1803275 [exon]) of the IL16 gene were selected. Genotypes were determined by direct sequencing. Sequence data were analyzed. Multiple logistic regression models were calculated.

Results

A significant difference emerged between the AA group and the control group for one SNP (rs17875491) of IL16. A further significant difference was found between patients with and without a family history of AA for a second SNP (rs11073001).

Conclusions

The present study found significant differences pertaining to two SNPs of the IL16 gene between, respectively, AA patients and controls (rs17875491) and AA patients with and without a family history of AA (rs11073001). Thus, IL16 polymorphisms may play a role in the pathophysiology of AA or in the expression of AA phenotypes. Further studies are required to elucidate the role of IL-16 in the pathogenesis and clinical manifestation of AA.

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