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Figure S1. Inhibitory effects of SWE ginseng stems–leaves extract on growth of (a) B. cereus, (b) S. enteritidis, (c) E. coli O157:H7, and (d) L. monocytogenes in tryptic soy broth with yeast extract at 37 °C. The concentrations of SWE ginseng extract in cultures were 0 (■), 0.5 (○), 1.0 (△), 2.0 (●), and 4.0% (▲).

Figure S2. Bactericidal effects of SWE ginseng stems–leaves extract on growth of (a) B. cereus, (b) S. enteritidis, (c) E. coli O157:H7, and (d) L. monocytogenes in sterile distilled water at 37 °C. The concentrations of SWE ginseng extract in cultures were 0 (■), 0.5 (○), 1.0 (△), 2.0 (●), and 4.0% (▲).

Figure S3. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images of (a) B. cereus, (b) S. enteritidis, (c) E. coli O157:H7, and (d) L. monocytogenes treated with (i) 0.8% saline solution and (ii) 0.2% SWE ginseng stems–leaves extract.

Figure S4. Release of cell materials from the damaged bacteria cells into broth treated with 0.2% SWE ginseng stems–leaves extract. B. cereus (■), S. enteritidis (▲), E. coli O157:H7 (□), L. monocytogenes (○).

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