• Beef meat;
  • colour;
  • model sauce;
  • native starch;
  • rheology;
  • sensory analysis;
  • stability


Stability and physicochemical properties of model sauces containing 2.5 wt% fresh beef meat (related to raw material), 30 wt% rapeseed oil and native waxy maize starch (WMS) or potato starch (PS) at concentrations ranged from 0.5 to 4.0 wt% were assessed. Sauces thickened with WMS showed a significantly (< 0.05) higher stability than respective ones made with PS. All studied systems exhibited non-Newtonian, pseudoplastic behaviour. The Ostwald–de Waele and Herschel–Bulkley models were used to describe the flow properties of model sauces. In comparison with control sample (prepared without starch), addition of this polysaccharide (WMS or PS) increased consistency index, yield stress and apparent viscosity and decreased flow behaviour index of model sauces. The Arrhenius equation was used to determine the effects of temperature (20–50 °C) on the apparent viscosity. The activation energy values were in ranges 7.66–10.59 kJ mol−1 and 8.87–11.82 kJ mol−1 in sauces prepared with WMS and PS, respectively. The instrumentally detected changes in consistency and whiteness of model sauces were found, which may be used as the good predictors of the perceived sensory consistency and whiteness.