• Beef;
  • blown pack spoilage;
  • Clostridium estertheticum ;
  • glucose;
  • lactate;
  • pH;
  • spores


To understand how the initial numbers of Clostridium estertheticum spores on, and the concentration of glucose in meat affect the development of blown pack spoilage, beef of pH ≤5.6 and of pH ≥5.8 was inoculated with the spores at various numbers, vacuum-packaged and stored at 2 °C. For beef of pH ≤5.6, the volumes of packs inoculated with ≤10 spores did not change; and packs inoculated with ≥30 spores started swelling after 35 days, and the rate of volume increase increased with increasing number of inoculated spores. For beef of pH ≥5.8, packs inoculated 0, three or ten spores slackened, and packs inoculated with ≥30 spores became swollen at the end of storage, but to a much lesser degree than the corresponding packs of beef of pH ≤5.6. Glucose was reduced by 21 mm and depleted in the rinse fluids from swollen packs of beef of pH ≤5.6 and of pH ≥5.8, respectively.