Alginate beads and apple pieces as carriers for Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii, as representative of yeast functional starter cultures



This study focused on two different carriers for Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii for its targeted release as a starter or as a probiotic: the microencapsulation into alginate beads and the immobilisation on apple pieces. Beads were studied in relation to encapsulation yield (EY), viability of cells throughout the storage, kinetic of cell release, survival under conditions that mimic the transit into the gut and in vivo application (fermentation of grape juice). Concerning the microencapsulation, EY was very high (ca. 90%), cells survived for a long period (upon to 90 days), and the beads assured cell survival and their release under conditions that mimic the gut; moreover, the capsules could be used up to ten times to start a model fermentation of grape juice. Apple pieces were a good system for the immobilisation of S. boulardii; they could be proposed successfully as a reusable carrier for a starter culture, as they assured the start of the fermentation of grape juice for at least seven times.