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Chemical, antioxidant, functional and thermal properties of rice bran proteins after yeast and natural fermentations

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The paper focuses on the chemical, antioxidant, functional and thermal properties of rice bran proteins after yeast, natural fermentations and unfermented rice bran. Protein content of yeast-fermented rice bran protein concentrate (YFRBPC), naturally fermented rice bran protein concentrate (NFRBPC) and unfermented rice protein concentrate (UFRBPC) were 72.50%, 68.92% and 65.73%, respectively, while ash content were 4.72%, 4.61% and 3.04%, respectively. The total amino acids of YFRBPC, NFRBPC and UFRBPC were 123.16, 118.45 and 99.39, respectively. DPPH radical inhibition of YFRBPC, NFRBPC and UFRBPC were 58.62%, 55.29% and 47.14%, respectively, while ferric reducing ability power were 0.73, 0.58 and 0.41 mmol TE per gram, respectively. The highest foam capacity of UFRBPC (57.56%), NFRBPC (64.15%) and YFRBPC (76.00%) was observed at pH 9.0. YFRBPC and NFRBPC were lighter in colour than UFRBPC. YFRBPC had higher denaturation temperature and enthalpy value than NFRBPC and UFRBPC. The β-sheets structures were more in YFRBPC and NFRBPC than UNFBPC.

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