Anthropometric indicators of obesity as screening tools for high blood pressure in the elderly

Authors

  • João de Souza Leal Neto,

    Graduate student in Physical Education
    1. Núcleo de Estudos em Epidemiologia do Envelhecimento (NEPE), Departamento de Saúde, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Jequié, Bahia, Brazil
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  • Raildo da Silva Coqueiro M.S.,

    Assistant Professor, Corresponding author
    • Núcleo de Estudos em Epidemiologia do Envelhecimento (NEPE), Departamento de Saúde, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Jequié, Bahia, Brazil
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  • Roberta Souza Freitas,

    Graduate student in Physiotherapy
    1. Núcleo de Estudos em Epidemiologia do Envelhecimento (NEPE), Departamento de Saúde, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Jequié, Bahia, Brazil
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  • Marcos Henrique Fernandes PhD,

    Adjunct professor
    1. Núcleo de Estudos em Epidemiologia do Envelhecimento (NEPE), Departamento de Saúde, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Jequié, Bahia, Brazil
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  • Daniela Sousa Oliveira Spec.,

    Masters student in Nursing
    1. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
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  • Aline Rodrigues Barbosa PhD

    Adjunct professor
    1. Núcleo de Estudos em Epidemiologia do Envelhecimento (NEPE), Departamento de Saúde, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Jequié, Bahia, Brazil
    2. Departamento de Educação Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil
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Correspondence: Raildo da Silva Coqueiro, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Departamento de Saúde, Núcleo de Estudos em Epidemiologia do Envelhecimento, Av. José Moreira Sobrinho, S/N, Jequiezinho, Jequié - BA 45206-190, Brazil. Email: rscoqueiro@uesb.edu.br

Abstract

The study objectives were to investigate the indicators of obesity most associated with high blood pressure in community-dwelling elderly and identify among these which one best discriminates high blood pressure. This is an epidemiological, population, cross-sectional and home-based study of elderly people (≥ 60 years, n = 316) residing in northeastern Brazil. The results showed that the body mass index and the body adiposity index were the indicators more closely associated with high blood pressure in both sexes. Both in female and male genders, body mass index showed high values of specificity and low sensitivity values for discriminating high blood pressure, whereas the body adiposity index showed high sensitivity and moderate specificity values. In clinical practice and health surveillance, it is suggested that both indicators be used as screening tools for hypertension in the elderly.

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