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Effect of systematic relaxation techniques on anxiety and pain in older patients undergoing abdominal surgery

Authors

  • Nahid Rejeh PhD MScN BScN,

    Assistant Professor, Corresponding author
    • Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahed University, Health of the Elderly Research Group, Tehran, Iran
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  • Majideh Heravi-Karimooi PhD MScN BScN,

    Assistant Professor
    1. Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahed University, Health of the Elderly Research Group, Tehran, Iran
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  • Mojtaba Vaismoradi MScN PhD BScN,

    Researcher
    1. Faculty of Professional Studies, University of Nordland, Bodø, Norway
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  • Melanie Jasper PhD MSc BNurs BA RN RM RHV PGCEA

    Professor, Head of College
    1. College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
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Correspondence: Nahid Rejeh, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahed University (opposite Holy Shrine of Imam Khomeini-Khalij Fars Expressway), Tehran, Postal/zip code: 3319118651, Iran. Email: reje@shahed.ac.ir

Abstract

Inadequate pain control in older patients who have undergone abdominal surgery can lead to many complications. This study investigates the effect of systematic relaxation techniques on pain and anxiety in older patients undergoing abdominal surgery. One hundred twenty-four patients were randomly assigned into the experimental and control groups. The systematic relaxation techniques consisted of older patients in the experimental group slowly reading relaxing sentences during recovery in ambulation after the surgery.

Patients' satisfaction with pain and anxiety relief was recorded, as was their use of opioid analgesia. Statistically significant differences in pain and anxiety, and in analgesic use, were reported between the patients in experimental and control groups after the intervention. These relaxation techniques can be incorporated into the care plan to reduce pain and anxiety after surgery as well as offering a measure for increasing the patients' independence in pain management control.

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