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Determining the effectiveness of illustrated communication material for communication with intubated patients at an intensive care unit


  • Münevver Otuzoğlu RN Msc,

    Nurse Educator
    1. Ankara Child Health and Disease, Hematology and Oncology Research and Education Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
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  • Azize Karahan RN PhD

    Associate Professor, Corresponding author
    1. Nursing Department, Başkent University Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
    • Correspondence: Azize Karahan, Department of Nursing, Baskent University Faculty of Health Sciences, Eskisehir Yolu 20. km, Ankara, Baglica 06810, Turkey. Email:

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Communication with non-speaking patients in intensive care unit is stress for both nurse and patients. Semi-experimental study that took place at a University Hospital was to develop illustrated material for patient communication and determine its effectiveness. The study sample consisted of 90 intubated patients at the Adult Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit who had undergone open heart surgery. The patients were divided into the intervention and control groups. Data analysis was with descriptive statistics and the χ2 test. The illustrated communication material was stated to be helpful by 77.8% and partially helpful by 22.2% of the intervention group patients regarding the communication between the health-care staff and the patients. Control group patients had more difficulties communicating with the health-care staff. Illustrated communication material was an effective method in communicating with intubated patients.