• 1
    Modi GK, Jha V. The incidence of end-stage renal disease in India: A population-based study. Kidney International 2006; 70: 21312133.
  • 2
    Taraweh M, Al-Qaisi S. National registry of end stage renal disease: annual report 2011. Non-communicable Diseases Directorate, Ministry of Health (MOH), Amman, Jordan, 2011. Available from URL: Accessed 18 July 2012.
  • 3
    Ministry of Health of Jordan (MOH). Chronic Kidney Disease incidence in Jordan, report of 2012. Non-Communicable Diseases Control Department, Amman, Jordan, 2012.
  • 4
    Seica A, Segall L, Verzan C et al. Factors affecting the quality of life of haemodialysis patients from Romania: A multicentric study. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 2009; 24: 626629. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfn506.
  • 5
    Lopes AA, Bragg J, Young A. Depression as a predictor of mortality and hospitalization among hemodialysis patients in the United States and Europe in the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS). Kidney International 2002; 61: 199207.
  • 6
    Mapes DL, Lopes AA, Satayathum S et al. Health-related quality of life as a predictor of mortality and hospitalization: The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS). Kidney International 2003; 64: 339349.
  • 7
    Pakpour AH, Saffari M, Yekaninejad MS, Panahi D, Harrison AP, Molsted S. Health-related quality of life in a sample of Iranian patients on hemodialysis. Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases 2010; 4: 5059.
  • 8
    Vos PF, Zilch O, Jennekens-Schinkel A et al. Effect of short daily home haemodialysis on quality of life, cognitive functioning and the electroencephalogram. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 2006; 21: 25292535.
  • 9
    Mau LW, Chiu HC, Chang PY, Hwang SC, Hwang SJ. Health-related quality of life in Taiwanese dialysis patients: Effects of dialysis modality. The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences 2008; 24: 453460.
  • 10
    Fukuhara S, Lopes AA, Bragg-Gresham JL et al., Worldwide Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study. Health-related quality of life among dialysis patients on three continents: The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study. Kidney International 2003; 64: 19031910.
  • 11
    Berlim MT, Mattevia BS, Duartea A et al. Quality of life and depressive symptoms in patients with major depression and end-stage renal disease: A matched-pair study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2006; 61: 731734.
  • 12
    Shiow-Luan TS, Healstead M. Self-care self-efficacy, depression,and quality of life among patients receiving hemodialysis in Taiwan. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2002; 39: 245251.
  • 13
    Denhaerynck K, Manhaeve D, Dobbels F, Garzoni D, Nolte C, De Geest S. Prevalence and consequences of non-adherence to hemodialysis regimens. American Journal of Critical Care 2007; 16: 222236.
  • 14
    Walters BA, Hays RD, Spritzer KL, Fridman M, Carter WB. Health-related quality of life, depressive symptoms, anemia, and malnutrition at hemodialysis initiation. American Journal of Kidney Diseases 2002; 40: 11851194.
  • 15
    Watnick S, Wang PL, Demadura T, Ganzini L. Validation of 2 depression screening tools in dialysis patients. American Journal of Kidney Diseases 2005; 46: 919924.
  • 16
    Cukor D, Rosenthal DS, Jindal RM, Brown CD, Kimmel PL. Depression is an important contributor to low medication adherence in hemodialyzed patients and transplant recipients. Kidney International 2009; 75: 12231229. doi: 10.1038/ki.2009.51.
  • 17
    Santos PR. Depression and quality of life of hemodialysis patients living in a poor region of Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria (Sao Paulo, Brazil : 1999) 2011; 33: 332337.
  • 18
    Hedayati SS, Yalamanchili V, Finkelstein FO. A practical approach to the treatment of depression in patients with chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease. Kidney International 2012; 81: 247255. doi: 10.1038/ki.2011.358.
  • 19
    Vazquez I, Valderrabano F, Fort J, Jofre R, Lopez-Gomez JM, Moreno F. Life in hemodialysis patients. Quality of Life Research 2005; 14: 179190.
  • 20
    Finkelstein FO, Watnick S, Finkelstein SH, Wuerth D. The treatment of depression in patients maintained on dialysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2002; 53: 957960.
  • 21
    Kimmel PL. Depression in patients with chronic renal disease: What we know and what we need to know. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2002; 53: 951956.
  • 22
    Kim Y, Evangelista LS. Relationship between illness perceptions, treatment adherence, and clinical outcomes in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Nephrology Nursing Journal 2010; 37: 271280.
  • 23
    Kugler C, Maeding I, Russell C. Non-adherence in patients on chronic hemodialysis: An international comparison study. Journal of Nephrology 2011; 24: 366375.
  • 24
    Petrie KJ, Jago LA, Devcich DA. The role of illness perceptions in patients with medical conditions. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 2007; 20: 163167.
  • 25
    Timmers L, Thong M, Dekker FW et al. Illness perceptions in dialysis patients and their association with quality of life. Psychology and Health 2008; 23: 679690.
  • 26
    Jansen DL, Rijken M, Heijmans M, Boeschoten EW. Perceived autonomy and self-esteem in Dutch dialysis patients: The importance of illness and treatment perceptions. Psychology and Health 2010; 25: 733749.
  • 27
    Leventhal H, Nerenz DR, Steele DJ. Illness representations and coping with health threats. In: Baum A, Taylor SE, Singer JE (eds). Handbook of Psychology and Health. Hillsdale, NJ, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1984; 219252.
  • 28
    van Dijk S, Scharloo M, Kaptein A et al. Patients' representations of their end-stage renal disease: Relation with mortality. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 2009; 24: 31833185.
  • 29
    Ibrahim S, El Salamony O. Depression, quality of life and malnutrition-inflammation scores in hemodialysis patients. American Journal of Nephrology 2008; 28: 784791.
  • 30
    Takaki J, Yano E. The relationship between coping with stress and employment in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis. Journal of Occupational Health 2006; 48: 276283.
  • 31
    Kutner NG, Bowles T, Zhang R, Huang Y, Pastan S. Dialysis facility characteristics and variation in employment rates: A national study. Clinical Journal of American Society of Nephrology 2008; 3: 111116.
  • 32
    Kutner NG, Zhang R, Huang Y, Johansen KL. Depressed mood, usual activity level, and continued employment after starting dialysis. Clinical. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2010; 5: 20402045. doi: 10.2215/CJN.03980510.
  • 33
    Ferrans CE, Powers MJ. Quality of Life Index: Development and psychometric properties. Advances in Nursing Sciences 1985; 8: 1524.
  • 34
    Ferrans CE, Powers MJ. Psychometric assessment of the Quality of Life Index. Research in Nursing and Health 1992; 15: 2938.
  • 35
    Halabi JO. Psychometric properties of the Arabic version of Quality of Life Index. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2006; 55: 604610.
  • 36
    Liu JS, Zapata-Vega MI, Mezzich JE, Ruiperez MA, Yoon G. Development and validation of the Chinese version of the Multicultural Quality of Life Index (MQLI-Ch). Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 2008; 32: 123134. doi: 10.1007/s11013-007-9076-9.
  • 37
    Thomas MD, McGrath A, Skilbeck CE. The psychometric properties of the Quality of Life Inventory in an Australian community sample. Australian Journal of Psychology 2012; 64: 225234. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-9536.2012.00054.x.
  • 38
    Beck A, Steer R, Brown G. Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, TX, USA: The Psychological Corporation, 1996.
  • 39
    Alshubaili A, Ohaeri J, Awadalla A, Mabrouk A. Family caregiver quality of life in multiple sclerosis among Kuwaitis: A controlled study. BMC Health Services Research 2008; 8: 206215.
  • 40
    El-Lozi M, Ahmad TF. Identification of the psychosocial stressors in chronic hemodialysis patients. The Arab Journal of Psychiatry 1994; 5: 1222.
  • 41
    Khalil AA, Darawad M, AlGamal I, Mansour A, Abed M. Predictors of dietary and fluid non-adherence in Jordanian patients with end-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis: A cross sectional study. Journal of Clinical Nursing 2012; 22: 127136. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04117x.
  • 42
    Al Eissa M, Al Sulaiman M, Jondeby M et al. Factors affecting Hemodialysis patients' satisfaction with their dialysis therapy. International Journal of Nephrology 2010. doi: 10.4061/2010/342901.
  • 43
    Bayoumi M, Alwakeel J. Hemodialysis patients needs priorities according to Maslows' hierarchy and quality of life. Journal of Palliative Care & Medicine 2012; 2: 106. doi: 10.4172/2165-7386.1000106.
  • 44
    Cukor D, Cohen S, Peterson R, Kimmel P. Psychosocial aspects of chronic disease: ESRD as a paradigmatic illness. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2007; 18: 30423055.
  • 45
    Ismail S, Salamony O. Evaluation of depression, quality of life and malnutrition-inflammation scores in hemodialysis patient: A cross sectional analysis. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation Plus 2008; 1: 5960.
  • 46
    Simic OS, Jovanovic D, Dopsaj V et al. Could depression be a new branch of MIA syndrome? Clinical Nephrology 2010; 71: 164172.
  • 47
    Lin Y, Yang Y, Chen S, Chang C, Chiu P, Huang C. The depression status of patients with end-stage renal disease in different renal replacement therapies. International Journal of Urological Nursing 2011; 5: 1420.
  • 48
    Cruz LN, de Almeida MP, Polanczyk CA. Depression as a determinant of quality of life in patients with chronic disease: Data from Brazil. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2010; 45: 953961. doi: 10.1007/s00127-009-0141-2.
  • 49
    Son Y, Choi K, Park Y, Bae J, Lee J. Depression, symptoms and the quality of life in patients on hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease. American Journal of Nephrology 2009; 29: 3642. doi: 10.1159/000150599.
  • 50
    Kimmel PL, Peterson RA. Depression in End-Stage Renal Disease patients treated with hemodialysis: Tools, Correlates, Outcomes, and Needs. Seminars in Dialysis 2005; 18: 9197.
  • 51
    Kimmel PL. Psychosocial factors in dialysis patients. Kidney International 2001; 59: 15991613.
  • 52
    Khalil AA, Frazier SK. Depressive symptoms and dietary nonadherence in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis: A review of quantitative evidence. Issues in Mental Health Nursing 2010; 31: 324330.
  • 53
    Sayin A, Mutluay R, Sindel S. Quality of life in hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and transplantation patients. Transplantation Proceedings 2007; 39: 30473053.
  • 54
    Feroze U, Martin D, Reina-Patton A, Kalantar-Zadeh K, Kopple JD. Mental health, depression, and anxiety in patients on maintenance dialysis. Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases 2010; 4: 173180.
  • 55
    Kimmel PL, Cukor D, Cohen S, Peterson R. Depression in end-stage renal disease patients: A critical review. Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease 2007; 14: 328334.
  • 56
    Kimmel PL, Emont SL, Newmann JM, Danko H, Moss A. ESRD patient quality of like: Symptom, spiritual beliefs, psychosocial factors, and ethnicity. Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease 2003; 42: 713721.
  • 57
    Covic A, Seica A, Gusbeth-Tatomi P, Gavrilovici O, Goldsmith D. Illness representations and quality of life scores in haemodialysis patients. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 2004; 19: 20782083. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfh254.
  • 58
    Tsay S, Healstead M. Self-care self-efficacy, depression, and quality of life among patients receiving hemodialysis in Taiwan. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2002; 39: 245251.
  • 59
    Kao TW, Tsai DM, Wu KD, Shiah CJ, Hsieh BS, Chen WY. Impact of religious activity on depression and quality of life of chronic peritoneal dialysis patients in Taiwan. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 2003; 102: 127130.
  • 60
    Germin-Petrovi D, Mesaros-Devcic I, Lesac A et al. Health-related Quality of Life in hemodialysis patients. Collegium Antropologicum 2011; 35: 687693.
  • 61
    Gencoz T, Astan G. Social support, locus of control, and depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 2006; 47: 203208.
  • 62
    Lopes GB, Matos CM, Leite EB et al. Depression as a potential explanation for gender differences in health-related quality of life among patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Nephron. Clinical Practice 2010; 115: c35c40. doi: 10.1159/000286348.