The effects of a smoking cessation programme on health-promoting lifestyles and smoking cessation in smokers who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention

Authors

  • Ai Hee Park MS RN,

    Head Nurse
    1. Department of Nursing, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea
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  • Suk Jeong Lee PhD RN,

    Associate Professor, Corresponding author
    1. Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, CAU Health Care System, Seoul, South Korea
    • Correspondence: Suk Jeong Lee, PhD, RN, Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University (CAU), CAU Healthcare system, 84 Heukseok-ro Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756, Korea. Email: lsj1109@cau.ac.kr

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  • Seung Jin Oh MD

    Doctor
    1. Department of Cardiology, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea
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Abstract

Smoking is a major risk factor for not only the occurrence of myocardial ischaemia but also recurrences of vascular stenosis. This study aimed to evaluate health-promoting lifestyles and abstinence rate after a smoking cessation programme. Sixty-two smokers who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention were randomly assigned to either the experimental or control group. The experimental group (n = 30) received 10 phone counselling sessions and 21 short message service messages for abstinence and coronary disease prevention, whereas the control group (n = 32) received only the standard education. After the intervention, 14 members of the experimental group had switched to a non-smoking status, confirmed biochemically; moreover, their physical activity and stress management scores increased significantly. However, self-efficacy of smoking cessation was not reflected in the cotinine levels. Thus, it is necessary not only to increase self-efficacy but also to determine the factors that affect the success of smoking cessation so that they can be included in the intervention. Our results suggest that phone counselling and short message service messaging might be important tools for the realization of smoking cessation and lifestyle changes among patients who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention.

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