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Psychological state in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery or percutaneous coronary intervention and their spouses

Authors

  • Hamidreza Roohafza MD,

    Assistant Professor of Psychiatry
    1. Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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  • Masoumeh Sadeghi MD,

    Associate Professor of Cardiology, Corresponding author
    1. Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    • Correspondence: Masoumeh Sadeghi, Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Khoram Street, PO Box 81465-1148, Isfahan 8187698191, Iran. Email: m_sadeghi@crc.mui.ac.ir

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  • Azam Khani MSc,

    Research Assistant
    1. Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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  • Elham Andalib MD,

    Research Assistant
    1. Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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  • Hasan Alikhasi BS,

    Research Assistant
    1. Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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  • Mohammadali Rafiei BS

    Research Assistant
    1. Shahid Chamran Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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Abstract

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and the coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) are well accepted treatments for coronary artery disease. Many patients and their spouses experience increased level of stress, anxiety and depression before and after going under the procedure. One hundred and ninety-six cardiac patients who were candidate for CABG or PCI procedures and their spouses were asked to complete Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and General Health Questionnaire-12 before and 1 month after procedures. Anxiety, depression and stress level in patients and their spouses going under the procedures significantly reduced over time. Scores of anxiety, depression and stress in patients and their spouses were correlated. There was no difference in the level of anxiety, depression and stress between CABG and PCI groups before to after procedures. We suggest providing information about the procedures to both patients and their spouses to deal better with their own psychological state.

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