Get access

The effects of Chinese five-element music therapy on nursing students with depressed mood

Authors

  • Chen-Jung Chen RN PhD,

    Senior Lecturer
    1. Department of Nursing, Jen-Teh Junior of Medicine Nursing and Management, Miaoli County, Taiwan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Huei-Chuan Sung RN PhD,

    Associate Professor, Corresponding author
    1. Department of Nursing, Tzu Chi College of Technology, Taiwanese Center for Evidence-based Health Care & Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
    • Correspondence: Huei-Chuan Sung, Department of Nursing, Tzu Chi College of Technology, Taiwanese Center for Evidence-based Health Care & Tzu Chi University, No. 880, Sec. 2, Chien-Kuo Road, Hualien City, Hualien 970, Taiwan. Email: sunghc@mail.tcu.edu.tw

    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ming-Shinn Lee PhD,

    Professor
    1. Department of Curriculum Design and Human Potentials Development, National Dong-Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ching-Yuan Chang PhD

    Professor
    1. Department of Children Development and Family Education, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Conflict of interest: None.

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Chinese five-element music therapy on nursing students with depressed mood. We randomly assigned 71 nursing students from Taiwan with depressed mood to the music and control groups. The music group (n = 31) received Chinese five-element music therapy, whereas the participants in the control group (n = 40) maintained their routine lifestyles with no music therapy. All of the participants were assessed using the Depression Mood Self-Report Inventory for Adolescence, and their salivary cortisol levels were measured. The study found that there was a significant reduction in depression between the pre- and posttherapy test scores and in salivary cortisol levels over time in the music group. After receiving the music therapy, the nursing students' depression levels were significantly reduced (P = 0.038) compared with the control group (P < 0.001). These results indicate that the Chinese five-element music therapy has the potential to reduce the level of depression in nursing students with depressed mood.

Ancillary