Who provides nursing services in Cambodian hospitals?

Authors

  • Yukie Sakurai-Doi RN,

    Visiting Scholar
    1. Bureau of International Medical Cooperation, National Centre for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
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  • Noriko Mochizuki RN RPHN MNA,

    Long-term expert
    1. Japan International Cooperation Agency, The Project for Strengthening Human Resources Development System of Co-medicals, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
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  • Keat Phuong BPharm MPH,

    Director
    1. Department of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Health, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
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  • Chao Sung,

    Staff
    1. Department of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Health, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
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  • Pheng Visoth MSc,

    Staff
    1. Department of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Health, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
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  • Bun Sriv,

    Staff
    1. Department of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Health, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
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  • Sar Rath Amara BSc,

    Assistant
    1. Japan International Cooperation Agency, The Project for Strengthening Human Resources Development System of Co-medicals, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
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  • Hitoshi Murakami MD MPH PhD,

    Senior Expert
    1. Bureau of International Medical Cooperation, National Centre for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
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  • Tomoko Komagata RN PhD,

    Lecturer, Corresponding author
    1. Disaster Nursing Global Leader Degree Program, Graduate School of Nursing, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
    • Correspondence: Tomoko Komagata, Disaster Nursing Global Leader Degree Program, Graduate School of Nursing, Chiba University, Japan 1-8-1, Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8672, Japan. Email: komatomo@chiba-u.jp

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  • Noriko Fujita MD PhD

    Senior Expert, Chief Adviser
    1. Bureau of International Medical Cooperation, National Centre for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    2. Japan International Cooperation Agency, The Project for Strengthening Human Resources Development System of Co-medicals, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
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Abstract

In Cambodia, the number of nurses is insufficient and details of nursing services are unknown and undocumented. This research explored who provides nursing service activities in Cambodia. The study was conducted at nine hospitals in Cambodia. Findings indicate that non-invasive medical care such as vital signs taking was designated to nurses. In performing more complex medical interventions, nurses shared the tasks with medical doctors. Conversely, simpler nursing tasks, including maintaining bedside environment/hygiene and supporting patient activities, tasks were shared by nurses with patients' family. This study elucidated an optimal personnel mix and task shared between nurses, doctors and patients' families. There are important implications for nursing legislation related to streamlining the production of nurses to provide an adequate and qualified nursing service in Cambodia.

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