This study examined the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and the risk level of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a vulnerable population of 407 subjects in Korea. This descriptive study was a part of the Tailed Health Visiting Service Program, using baseline data from public health centres in Suwon, Korea. The definition of metabolic syndrome was based on the National Cholesterol Education Program criteria, and risk of CVD was estimated according to the Framingham study equation. This study demonstrated that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 40.8% higher and the risk of CVD was significantly 3.1 times higher among those with metabolic syndrome than among those without it. Of those with metabolic syndrome, 50.6% overall and 81.1% of men had a high risk for CVD. These findings suggest a need to screen and prevent the risk of CVD in vulnerable populations with metabolic syndrome.