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Iranian mothers' perceptions of the impact of the environment on psychological birth trauma: A qualitative study

Authors

  • Ziba Taghizadeh MSc,

    Assistant Professor of Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, PhD Candidate in Reproductive Health
    1. Nursing and Midwifery School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    2. Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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  • Mohammad Arbabi,

    Associate Professor of Psychiatry
    1. Psychiatry and Psychology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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  • Anoshirvan Kazemnejad,

    Professor
    1. Biostatistics Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
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  • Alireza Irajpour PhD,

    Assistant Professor, Corresponding author
    1. Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    • Correspondence: Alireza Irajpour, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezar Jarib Street, Isfahan 8174673461, Iran. Email: irajpour@nm.mui.ac.ir

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  • Violeta Lopez RN PhD FRCNA

    Professor and Director
    1. Research Centre for Nursing and Midwifery Practice, Medical School, Australian National University Woden, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
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Abstract

Childbirth is a unique experience in women's life. Various factors including human and non-human environment are involved in shaping the experience of childbirth.This study investigated the role of the environment on the psychological birth trauma from the perceptions of Iranian mothers. A qualitative descriptive study was conducted from September 2011 to February 2012, using audiotaped interviews with 23 Iranian women recruited from Tehran and Isfahan. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using the content analysis. Two themes were extracted from the data: human and non-human environment; and several categories also emerged from the data, which are communication with mother, awareness of mother's needs, support for mother, medical clinical competence, professional responsibility, hospital's physical structure, hospital's equipment, routine care in hospital and rules governing the hospital's environment, respectively. Considering the significant role of environment in psychological birth trauma of the mother, an appropriate intervention must be developed to enhance both human and non-human environment in order to reduce the psychological birth trauma.

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