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Critical thinking in nursing: Scoping review of the literature

Authors

  • Esperanza Zuriguel Pérez RN,

    PhD Student, Corresponding author
    1. Hospital Vall d'Hebron, University School of Nursing, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    • Correspondence: Esperanza Zuriguel Pérez, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Passeig de la Vall d'Hebron, 119-129 08035 Barcelona, Spain. Email: ezurigue@vhebron.net

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  • Maria Teresa Lluch Canut RN PhD,

    Professor
    1. University School of Nursing, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Anna Falcó Pegueroles RN MHSc PhD,

    Professor
    1. University School of Nursing, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Montserrat Puig Llobet RN PhD,

    Professor
    1. University School of Nursing, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Carmen Moreno Arroyo RN,

    Professor
    1. University School of Nursing, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Juan Roldán Merino RN PhD

    Professor, Associate Professor
    1. Sant Joan de Deu School of Nursing, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    2. Rovira i Virigili University, Tarragona, Spain
    3. School of Nursing, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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Abstract

This article seeks to analyse the current state of scientific knowledge concerning critical thinking in nursing. The methodology used consisted of a scoping review of the main scientific databases using an applied search strategy. A total of 1518 studies published from January 1999 to June 2013 were identified, of which 90 met the inclusion criteria. The main conclusion drawn is that critical thinking in nursing is experiencing a growing interest in the study of both its concepts and its dimensions, as well as in the development of training strategies to further its development among both students and professionals. Furthermore, the analysis reveals that critical thinking has been investigated principally in the university setting, independent of conceptual models, with a variety of instruments used for its measurement. We recommend (i) the investigation of critical thinking among working professionals, (ii) the designing of evaluative instruments linked to conceptual models and (iii) the identification of strategies to promote critical thinking in the context of providing nursing care.

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