Funding: This study is funded by the Australian Research Council (ARC-FT09901086), Austin Health Medical Research Fund and LaTrobe University Faculty Research Grant. EIE is supported by an NHMRC Early Career Fellowship (APP#APP1054312) and AB by an NHMRC Career Development Award.
Changes to volumetric bone mineral density and bone strength after stroke: A prospective study
Version of Record online: 23 DEC 2013
© 2013 The Authors. International Journal of Stroke © 2013 World Stroke Organization
International Journal of Stroke
Volume 10, Issue 3, pages 396–399, April 2015
How to Cite
Borschmann, K., Pang, M. Y. C., Iuliano, S., Churilov, L., Brodtmann, A., Ekinci, E. I. and Bernhardt, J. (2015), Changes to volumetric bone mineral density and bone strength after stroke: A prospective study. International Journal of Stroke, 10: 396–399. doi: 10.1111/ijs.12228
- Issue online: 16 MAR 2015
- Version of Record online: 23 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Received: 5 MAR 2013
- Australian Research Council. Grant Number: ARC-FT09901086
- Austin Health Medical Research Fund
- LaTrobe University Faculty Research Grant
- NHMRC Early Career Fellowship. Grant Number: APP#APP1054312
- NHMRC Career Development Award
- bone mineral density;
- bone structure;
- physical activity;
Rationale and aim
Stroke survivors experience accelerated bone loss and increased fracture risk, particularly in paretic weight bearing limbs. Understanding how these changes unfold and their relationship to stroke severity and physical activity could help in the development of targeted interventions to prevent or reduce the severity of these outcomes. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the time course and magnitude of changes in volumetric bone mineral density within the first year after stroke, and to examine relationships with physical activity and motor recovery.
This is a prospective, observational study of 43 nondiabetic, nonambulant adults with first ever hemispheric stroke.
The primary outcome was the difference in six-month change of total volumetric bone mineral density between paretic and nonparetic distal tibiae, measured at 7% of bone length site using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography.
The secondary outcomes are cortical and trabecular volumetric bone mineral density, cortical thickness, and total and cross-sectional areas of distal tibiae and radii of paretic and nonparetic limbs. Also included are total body and regional bone mineral density derived using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, physical activity measured using accelerometry, and motor recovery (Chedoke McMaster Stroke Assessment).
Measuring the timing and magnitude of changes to volumetric bone mineral density and bone structure from immediately after stroke, and relationships between these changes with physical activity and motor recovery will provide the basis for targeted interventions to reduce fracture risk in stroke survivors.