• work;
  • family;
  • support;
  • family social work;
  • gender;
  • work–family conflict;
  • Spain

In the current economic crisis, middle-class families often find themselves immersed in a process of downward social mobility. These are families in which both spouses work, and where many relational conflicts begin in the sphere of work–family reconciliation and the allocation of household responsibilities. This article presents the results of a research study we conducted on middle-class families in Spain. We focus specifically on the problems associated with work–family reconciliation and gender, and the mitigating role played by social support. Based on our results, we want to call the attention to a prevalent and ‘new’ conflict in family-based practice social work in Spain: the work–family conflict.