Emerging research suggests that biological relatedness contributes to differential treatment between children being raised by kin and the biological children in the caregiver's household. This potential concern may be elevated especially when household resources are stretched thin. In this study, 518 Ugandan youth and their caregivers were interviewed individually, examining the association between relatedness and perceived food and work equity, and school attendance. Household income, but not relatedness, was negatively associated with food inequity. However, relatedness was positively associated with perceived disparity in the distribution of work among children living in the household, and with children's school attendance. These findings support and challenge previous findings, raising further research questions and suggesting practice implications.
Key Practitioner Message: ● Children in kinship care may be experiencing intrahousehold disparity in the amount of household work they are asked to perform; ● Disparity in school attendance between biological and kin children in the same household could have negative implications for the long-term wellbeing of children in kin care; ● Programs should be tailored to monitor this type of intrahousehold disparity in treatment.