• discrimination;
  • acculturation;
  • adaptation;
  • first- and second-generation immigrants;
  • South Asian

This study investigates the experiences of psychological and sociocultural adaptation among 404 first- and second-generation South Asian immigrants in Hong Kong. Results indicate that for first-generation immigrants, lack of host language fluency, fewer contacts and friendships with host members, the strategy of marginalisation, and perceived discrimination are all related to higher psychological distress, lower self-esteem and less competence in sociocultural adaptation. For second-generation individuals, although they reported higher knowledge of the host language and higher preferences the for assimilation strategy, the levels of psychological distress were higher compared with the first-generation group. An interesting finding of this study is the preference for the marginalisation strategy as opposed to the assimilation and/or separation strategy. The findings of this study highlight the importance of considering the unique experiences of the second generation in order to further our understanding of immigration and acculturation processes.