Exploring the Rural-Agrarian Linkages of Human Trafficking: A Study of the Indian Punjab
Article first published online: 20 MAY 2013
© 2013 The Author. International Migration © 2013 IOM
Volume 51, Issue 4, pages 116–129, August 2013
How to Cite
Kumar, S. (2013), Exploring the Rural-Agrarian Linkages of Human Trafficking: A Study of the Indian Punjab. International Migration, 51: 116–129. doi: 10.1111/imig.12096
- Issue published online: 11 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 20 MAY 2013
This article explores the rural-agrarian linkages of human trafficking in the Indian Punjab. The study argues that ongoing agrarian crises, high risk-taking ability of some agrarian castes and low level of education in rural areas are fuelling the illicit business of human trafficking of Punjabis to foreign green pastures. Rural-agrarian communities are the main victims of the traffickers' exploitation.
The study has wider policy implications as it suggests policy-makers should formulate a comprehensive policy framework for rural areas of Punjab to ensure the “3P” paradigm – prevention, protection and prosecution – of human trafficking.