This research was supported by The Israel Science Foundation (grant no. 299/07) and by the Julian Simon Fund and the Silbert Fund, both of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The authors also acknowledge the assistance of the Israel Social Science Data Archive in making the data accessible. The authors would like to thank Orna Khait-Marelly for her help during an earlier stage of the research work, as well as Yinon Cohen, Dov Friedlander, Noah Lewin-Epstein, Hadas Mandel, Liat Raz-Yurovich, Yossi Shavit, and Haya Stier for their comments on the research.
Fertility Change among Post-1989 Immigrants to Israel from the Former Soviet Union†
Article first published online: 25 DEC 2012
© 2012 by the Center for Migration Studies of New York. All rights reserved.
International Migration Review
Volume 46, Issue 4, pages 792–827, Winter 2012
How to Cite
Okun, B. S. and Kagya, S. (2012), Fertility Change among Post-1989 Immigrants to Israel from the Former Soviet Union. International Migration Review, 46: 792–827. doi: 10.1111/imre.12001
- Issue published online: 25 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 25 DEC 2012
- The Israel Science Foundation. Grant Number: 299/07
- Julian Simon Fund
- Silbert Fund
Research on the evolution of immigrant fertility patterns has focused on the expected reduction in fertility among immigrants from high fertility, less developed countries who arrive in relatively low-fertility developed societies. The current research considers a different context in which immigrants from the low-fertility Former Soviet Union arrive in a relatively high-fertility setting in Israel. This research context allows us to test various theories of immigrant fertility, which cannot normally be distinguished empirically. Results from Cox multivariate regressions of parity-specific progression do not support assimilation theory, which would predict an increase in fertility following migration, in this context. We interpret the very low fertility rates of the FSU immigrants in Israel, relative to all relevant comparison groups, in terms of the economic uncertainty and hardship experienced during a difficult transition period by immigrants who have high aspirations for social mobility in their destination society.