Compositional and Temporal Dynamics of International Migration in the EU/EFTA: A New Metric for Assessing Countries’ Immigration and Integration Policies


  • The author is supported by NICHD Training Grant T32-HD07014 and center grant R24-HD047873 to the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and is grateful for suggestions provided by Theodore P. Gerber, Katherine J. Curtis, Jenna Nobles, Mara Loveman, Timothy Smeeding, Alberto Palloni, James Montgomery, Mariano Sana, Kyle Crowder, Lincoln Quillian, Marek Kupiszewski, four anonymous reviewers and the editor of the International Migration Review, Ellen Percy Kraly. The author is likewise grateful for the support of James Raymer, Mary M. Kritz, and Douglas T. Gurak. An early version of this article was presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association on August 20, 2012, the Demography and Ecology Seminar at the University of Wisconsin-Madison on July 3, 2012, and the annual meeting of the Population Association of America on May 3, 2012.


In this article, I derive estimates of migrants’ expected years of residence in each of 31 countries in the European Union and European Free Trade Association each year from 2002 to 2007. A country-level measure summarizing the temporal dynamics of international migration, I compare my results against the often used compositional measure of the percent foreign born, and show that these two measures reflect different population processes. I likewise demonstrate the utility of the measure derived here as a tool to assess countries’ integration policies on long-term residence per their scores in the Migrant Integration Policy Index. Key theoretical and policy implications are discussed.