Labor Market Competition and Anti-Immigrant Sentiment: Occupations as Contexts
Article first published online: 17 SEP 2013
© 2013 by the Center for Migration Studies of New York. All rights reserved.
International Migration Review
Volume 47, Issue 3, pages 643–685, September 2013
How to Cite
Kunovich, R. M. (2013), Labor Market Competition and Anti-Immigrant Sentiment: Occupations as Contexts. International Migration Review, 47: 643–685. doi: 10.1111/imre.12046
- Issue published online: 17 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 17 SEP 2013
This paper explores the impact of labor market competition measured within occupations on attitudes toward immigrants in the U.S. including perceived group threat and policy preferences. Multilevel analyses of data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, O*NET, and the General Social Survey demonstrate that labor market competition accounts for threat perceptions – threat is lower in occupations with greater expected employment growth. Individual-level characteristics also explain differences across occupations. Perceived group threat is higher in some occupations because job incumbents have less education. Occupational differences in threat perceptions account for all occupational differences in policy attitudes.