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Determination of radon exhalation from construction materials using VOC emission test chambers

Authors


Matthias Richter

BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division 4.2 Materials and Air Pollutants Unter den Eichen 44-46 12203 Berlin Germany

Tel.: +49 30 8104 4132

Fax: +49 30 8104 4427

e-mail: matthias.richter@bam.de

Abstract

The inhalation of 222Rn (radon) decay products is one of the most important reasons for lung cancer after smoking. Stony building materials are an important source of indoor radon. This article describes the determination of the exhalation rate of stony construction materials by the use of commercially available measuring devices in combination with VOC emission test chambers. Five materials – two types of clay brick, clinker brick, light-weight concrete brick, and honeycomb brick – generally used for wall constructions were used for the experiments. Their contribution to real room concentrations was estimated by applying room model parameters given in ISO 16000-9, RP 112, and AgBB. This knowledge can be relevant, if for instance indoor radon concentration is limited by law. The test set-up used here is well suited for application in test laboratories dealing with VOC emission testing.

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