Role of nurses in a nuclear disaster: experience in the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident


  • The source of funding statement: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
  • Conflict of interest: No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors.

Correspondence address: Yuka Noto, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hirosaki University, 66-1 Hon-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8564, Japan; Tel: +81-172-39-5923; Fax: +81-172-39-5923; E-mail:



A severe earthquake occurred in Japan on 11 March 2011. The giant tsunami devastated many coastal communities in eastern Japan and caused the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant incident. The Japanese government conducted a large-scale survey of residents affected by the nuclear and natural disasters in Fukushima prefecture and in response to the government's request, H University dispatched a Radiation Exposure Research Team to Fukushima.


This article explains the activities of the Radiation Exposure Research Team and the role of nurses in a nuclear disaster.


As a nurse in the field of radiation medicine, our role is to protect the health of those affected and to reduce their anxiety. In addition, as the persons responsible for implementing these projects, it is also necessary that we educate and foster the development of medical care personnel with the appropriate knowledge and skills to carry out the measures required.