Trends in nursing research in France: a cross-sectional analysis

Authors

  • C.M. Dupin RN, BSc, MSc, PhD (c),

    Research Assistant, Corresponding author
    • Nursing and Allied Health Sciences Department, French School of Public Health (EHESP), Paris, France
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  • K. Chami PharmD, MSPH, PhD,

    Research Engineer
    1. Nursing and Allied Health Sciences Department, French School of Public Health (EHESP), Paris, France
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  • O. Petit dit Dariel RN, MSc, PhD,

    Professor
    1. Nursing and Allied Health Sciences Department, French School of Public Health (EHESP), Paris, France
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  • C. Debout RN, CRNA, MSN, MPHIL, PhD,

    Professor, Head of the Department
    1. Nursing and Allied Health Sciences Department, French School of Public Health (EHESP), Paris, France
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  • M. Rothan-Tondeur RN, ICPO, PhD

    Professor
    1. Nursing and Allied Health Sciences Department, French School of Public Health (EHESP), Paris, France
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  • Funding: This survey was supported by the French Ministry of Health Programme for nursing research (Programme Hospitalier de la Recherche Infirmière – PHRI, 2010, PHRI 1001). The funder had no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.
  • Conflict of interest: No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors.
  • Ethical approval: The research proposals were studied with the authorization of the French Health Ministry. Confidentiality and anonymity of the research teams were respected.
  • The documents were corrected by Elsevier Language Editing.

Correspondence address: Miss Cécile Marie Dupin, Department of Nursing and Allied Health Professions Sciences, French School of Public Health (EHESP), EHESP – MSSH/DSIP – 236 bis rue de Tolbiac F-75013 Paris, France; Tel: 33 (0) 6 33 47 85 30; E-mail: cecile.dupin@ehesp.fr.

Abstract

Aim

To examine the engagement of French registered nurses with the Ministry of Health's initiative to spur scientific inquiry in the community.

Background

French nursing research has suffered from a lack of dedicated funding. Positive signs of change have recently appeared, with the launch of the first national public funding programme dedicated to nursing research. This initiative, begun in 2010, was launched by the French Ministry of Health. Through this initiative, 149 registered nurses, serving as principal investigators, and their teams submitted research proposals between 2010 and 2011. The administrative guidelines of the funding programme are clearly oriented towards producing quantitative and exogenous nursing research.

Method

A cross-sectional analysis of 149 nursing research projects submitted during the first and second years of a French national funding programme for hospital-based nursing research was conducted. Research proposals were included in the analysis whether they received funding or not. Data collection took place in 2011. The categories used in the analysis were the following: (1) the socio-demographic data on the registered nurse principal investigators, (2) the research teams and (3) the research proposals (methodologies, bibliography, focus of the research, output, the status of the research proposals).

Results

This study highlights the presence of methodological homogeneity among the research proposals submitted for funding. Clear tendencies were towards interventional and quantitative studies and those with an exogenous factor research objective. Between 2010 and 2011, 25 projects were funded out of 149 submitted. They were mostly quantitative and/or focused on the exogenous factors in patient care.

Conclusion

The socio-political context of a funding programme designed to encourage nursing research has had an implicit influence on the type of research to which French nurses have committed themselves to and the scientific positions with which these nurse researchers align themselves.

Ancillary