HIV knowledge and condom intention among sexually abstinent Chinese students
Article first published online: 30 MAY 2013
© 2013 International Council of Nurses
International Nursing Review
Volume 60, Issue 3, pages 366–373, September 2013
How to Cite
Tung, W.-C., Hu, J., Efird, J.T., Su, W. and Yu, L. (2013), HIV knowledge and condom intention among sexually abstinent Chinese students. International Nursing Review, 60: 366–373. doi: 10.1111/inr.12039
- Issue published online: 21 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 30 MAY 2013
- University of Nevada-Reno
- College Students;
- Condom Use Intention;
- HIV/AIDS Knowledge;
- Perceived Barrier;
- Perceived Benefit;
- Sexual Abstinence;
- Transtheoretical Model
To (a) assess the HIV/AIDS knowledge and sources of HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) information among sexually abstinent college students in China; (b) examine whether constructs from the transtheoretical model (TTM) are applicable to this study population regarding condom use intention; and (c) evaluate the association between genders and TTM constructs, and HIV/AIDS knowledge.
Chinese college students are vulnerable to HIV and other STIs. Strategies targeting abstinent students are more cost-effective than providing treatment for diseases.
We surveyed 390 students enrolled in two universities in China. Data were collected from June 2009 to March 2010.
Only 11% and 24% were aware of HIV spread by infected semen and of the protective effects of condom use against HIV. The mass media were major sources of HIV/STI information. Individuals who had higher levels of self-efficacy and reported more perceived benefits and fewer perceived barriers were more likely to be in TTM contemplation stage of condom use than those in precontemplation. Females were less likely to discuss HIV/STIs through online chat or email with strangers than males. Individuals who had higher levels of self-efficacy and reported more perceived benefits and fewer perceived barriers were more likely to be in TTM contemplation stage of condom use than those in precontemplation.
Sexually abstinent college students in China may be more likely to transition from precontemplation to contemplation if they know the benefits of condom use for the prevention of HIV/STIs and if they learn to successfully minimize potential barriers related to condom use.